Many years ago, marketing campaigns urged us all to use our flexible friend - the credit card - when shopping. That friend has, for some, got out of control and some of us need to smell the roses and drink a dose of reality.

With normality hopefully returning to our land after the pandemic, here are five tips from John Lowe of MoneyDoctors.ie to put you back on track with your credit card if it’s a little out of order before the start of the Christmas season:

1. Don't put your head in the sand when your monthly bill comes in.

  • We spend over €12 billion a year just on credit cards.
  • The average debt for each person in Ireland last year was €46,700.
  • Half of us only pay the minimum requirement - at some of the rates the credit card companies charge, it would take 20 years to pay off the credit card debt if only making minimum payments.
  • Best card deal in terms of interest rate if you choose not to pay off every month? AIB Bank visa click card at 9.13% APR – online only.

2. Pay off your credit card bill in full if you can.

  • There are so many options to pay off your bill rather than leave debt at expensive interest rates.
  • You are still availing of free credit (from the time you buy something to the time you receive the credit card bill and are given so many days to pay).
  • Longest free credit period? Some store cards will allow you 56 days to pay your bill (but then if you don't, you are charged considerably more).

3. If you cannot pay off the card debt immediately, transfer your card balance to another credit card company offering 0%.

  • Avail of the 0% rate for up to 6 months (Permanent TSB gives the first 6 months at 0% while Bank of Ireland offers 7 months at 0%). Best of all is An Post Money which offers 12 months at 0% on balance transfers. This at least buys time while you consider how you are going to dispose of the debt.
  • Ideally, you could divide the debt by 6,7 or 12 equal installments so that at the end of the period, your credit card is clear. Paying off last year’s summer holiday via your credit card doesn’t make sense.

4. Look at personal loan options (unsecured loans).

The best loan rates you will find are with your friendly local credit union – as low as 6.5%. They’re just dying to lend as they have surplus members’ funds and it’s the only way they can profit from their members.

To qualify:

  1. You MUST either be living locally or working locally to the credit union.
  2. Most require that you are a member for at least a month before applying for the loan
  3. Normally for the first loan, you would have to lodge between 2.5% and 25% of the amount you wish to borrow ... e.g. you want €4,000, you would have to lodge €100 into an account.
  • Bank Of Ireland overdraft rate of 16.2% and AIB Bank of 12.38% (loans up to €9,999 – their overdraft rate is 11.85%) are expensive.

5. If your loan repayments exceed your income, consolidate if you can and if you are let, but do it just once.

  • Income is king and your number one asset, and you should protect this at all times – do a budget and ensure you live within your means, i.e. your income exceeds your expenditure.
  • You may have equity in your home / property that you could release to pay off all your debts if you have the income and the lender agrees.
  • Remember, home loan interest rates even if increasing are the cheapest of all loans - if borrowing less than 80% of the value of your home, you will attract cheap interest rates… some of the fixed rates are extremely attractive – 2.05% fixed for four years plus some lenders will give you cash refund against your legal costs.
  • You may also be tempted to take out additional monies for investment (remember if you want growth you must take a little risk but perhaps using the home could be considered a bad idea in light of what has happened over the last 15 years). Very few lenders are doing this and only in exceptional circumstances. Releasing funds to pay off debts as I said, should never be done especially if it is only for lifestyle purposes.

Always shop around - better in your pocket!

For more information click on John Lowe's profile above or on his website.

The views expressed here are those of the author and do not represent or reflect the views.