Wanting to save money and actually doing it are two very different things. In the first of two parts, John Lowe of Money Doctors sets out his guide for saving in 2020.

Before you can start putting away money for a rainy day, you need to ensure you have surplus from your monthly income plus make savings in your day-to-day spending.

The key to saving is breaking old habits and fostering new ones, so you must be willing to adopt a new approach to spending to start seeing savings. Remember personal finance is 20% knowledge and 80% behaviour.

Here is the A-M of a saving mentality:

A is for assessing the situation

Before you can start getting your financial house in order, you need to identify the cracks. Do you frequently run out of money just before pay day? Do you tend to splurge on things you never use? The only way to identify your financial foibles is to record them. Write down what you spend and track the trends.

B is for budget

Once you have identified What you actually spend, calculate what you should spend. First make a list of all your monthly bills and deduct the total from your income. It's a rough estimate, but should give you an idea of whether you are living within your means or not. Now look a month ahead - what expenses are coming up? Apart from the basic costs, include less frequent bills, like insurance, school fees and so on, when working out your budget. A successful budget is a realistic one and includes all your expenses. Email me for a free budget planner spread sheet – easy to operate and simple to use… tots itself up...

C is for comparing

Not only do you need to cut out purchases you can’t afford, but also you need to make the right choices on necessary purchases. Arm yourself with the maximum Information before making a purchase. Where is the item available? How much does it cost elsewhere? Are there any special deals or discounts? Can you buy it more cheaply online? Shopping around might seem like a cliché , but by comparing the options before you buy, you can ensure you get the best possible deal. The Competition & Consumer Protection Commission (CCPC) produces regular cost comparisons and price surveys on www.CCPC.ie.

D is for dealing with your debt

If you have a big balance on your credit card or are crippled with other debts, look at these areas first to halt the build-up of more debts. If you are struggling to repay your loans, let your lenders know and engage with them to devise alternative payment plans. Credit cards especially have very high interest rates, and failing to chip away at that debt can have major consequences for your pocket. Don’t forget you can transfer your credit card balance to 4 providers at 0% for up to 12 months ( An Post Money have the best at 12 months ) Gives you time to think and time to pay back.

E is for energy

Does your gas or electricity company offer good value? If not, consider using a different tariff to reduce your bills, or switch to a new provider. Electric Ireland, formerly ESB, recently announced a range of new price plans and dual fuel offers and quickly followed by competitors. The company said its electricity price cuts would save households about €120 a year. Recent changes in the gas and electricity markets mean more choice for consumers. Typically, utility firms will give a small discount if you opt for online billing and pay by direct debit.

F is for fares

Some travel spending, such as the commute to work, is hard to avoid. If you use public transport to get to work, buying your travel tickets via the government’s Taxsaver scheme can reduce your annual bill by more than half. Similarly, the 'bike to work’ scheme can reduce costs for cyclists, by allowing them to buy a bike in a tax-efficient manner. ( check out www.taxsaverbikes.com ) Before you take a national train or bus service, check the offers available on the bus or rail operator’s website. When booking a flight, beware the fees and charges that can add a hefty chunk to what initially seemed like a good deal. Baggage charges, taxes and priority boarding can all inflate the cost.

G is for groceries

In the past year, food and non-alcoholic drink prices have increased by 1.6 per cent, according to the Central Statistics Office. Shaving a few euro off your shopping bill each week could make a big difference to your finances. Simple changes like switching to own brands for certain products, availing of special offers and making shopping lists to avoid impulse buys will all help to keep your spending in check. However, don’t be fooled into buying in bulk if you won’t actually use the product. Volume discounts are only good value if you have a real need for the additional items. Another way to save is to use a retailer’s loyalty card system, which allows you to earn points as you shop. Download the free app Stocard to house ALL those loyalty cards instead of having to carry them around. No missing out on discount vouchers.

H is for homemade

It might seem too obvious to mention, but making your own lunch is a guaranteed way to save a few euro. A working couple who eat out at lunch or have a takeaway sandwich each spend at least €9 a day on lunch - around €2,160 each a year. Think how many sliced pans, cheese slices and packets of tinfoil that would buy.

I is for insurance

By law, consumers must have at least third-party insurance if they own a car. Cost comparison surveys have repeatedly shown that shopping around for motor insurance can save drivers more than €1,000 annually, making it the type of insurance with the biggest potential savings. Home insurance is not a legal obligation, but may be stipulated by a lender. Cut costs by making sure your home is not over-insured. Your home should be insured for its reinstatement value - the cost of rebuilding it - not the market value. This can make a considerable difference to the premium. If you decide to change your cover to get a better deal, don’t base a decision on the premium alone, as the level of cover can vary considerably. A standard benefit with one insurer might be an optional extra with another.

J is for joining clubs

J could just as easily be for January, the month when people sign expensive contracts for gyms, or June, the month when people realise they haven’t set foot in their expensive gym in weeks. Do you fork out hundreds of euro a year for your gym or swimming pool, but don’t feel you get your money’s worth? If your monthly membership is merely a guilty reminder of lost euro, either use it frequently or cancel your contract and opt for a cheaper pay-as-you-go deal. Beware of tricky terms and conditions that can apply to cancelling gym contracts. Remember local parks are free to jog around.

K is for kids

Very few parents can save their child benefit each month, and still face additional huge expenditure on creches, school books, extracurricular activities and so on. Childcare costs are still at exorbitantly high levels, with the latest figures from the Central Statistics Office. A recent survey by the CCPC revealed huge variations in childcare costs nationwide. Average prices for full-time care for a toddler ranged from €145 per week in Sligo to €220 in Dublin 6. Obviously parents don’t want to compromise on the quality of service available where they live, but comparing prices is a no-brainer.

L is for luxuries

A savings habit does not have to mean the end of fun. However, if you are trying to cut back, spending on discretionary items is the first to face the chop. Force yourself to keep a record of treats and indulgences and try to factor them into your budget. If you want to go away for a weekend, try to set aside money for it, rather than booking it on a whim and abusing your credit card.

M is for mortgage

The European Central Bank interest rate is at its lowest – 0%. Rates can really only go one way BUT may not go up for quite a while. Only last month Ulster Bank introduced a new 5 year fixed mortgage interest rate of 2.2% while they reduced their 10 year rate to 2.95%. Make hay while the sun shines and check

  • Are you getting the best rate?
  • Could you switch and save?
  • Have you still the income to justify your current mortgage?
  • Is your loan to value 80% or less?
  • Is your credit history good?

You could be on c.4% standard variable rate and qualify for the lowest rate on the market 2.2% - a massive saving each month and well worth checking out.

Check back next week for Part 2 of John Lowe's A-Z of saving in 2020.