You know you have financial issues but don’t know where to start?

When it comes to our finances, we tend to stick our heads in the sand until the problem becomes so obvious that it is nearly too late to apply a solution.

We are starting to come out of the recession so it is imperative that we do not ignore the telltale signs of any personal financial ill-health.

10 Questions To Ask Yourself

So here are 10 essential questions you should ask yourself or if you have family or loved ones, they should ask themselves to kick-start their financial well-being:

1) Is my expenditure greater than my income?

2) What am I doing to balance my books? Can I earn more income or spend less? Or do a little of both?

3) Am I claiming all the reliefs and allowances legitimately available on my income and are there promotional or overtime opportunities in the job that might increase my income? A second job?

4) Can I negotiate lower interest rates on any loans? Consolidate or negotiate a complete moratorium on my loans (capital and interest) or at least just pay interest only?

Don't put off facing your financial worries
Don't put off facing your financial worries

5) Am I adopting the sniper approach to debt – paying off the most expensive first?

6) Have I looked at ALL expenditure – every sector of spending, economising where I can and doing without when I must?

7) Do I have a Rainy Day Fund (RDF – should be ideally 3 to 6 months annual income with a minimum €5,000) for

  • Emergencies (expenditure not budgeted for e.g. washing machine breakdown)
  • Sudden loss of income (bonus dries up or you are put on a 3-day-week)
  • Investment opportunity (as the recession bites, you WILL pick up bargains)

Am I availing of the best interest rates on any lump sum saved after ensuring my deposit-taker is safe and secure with my funds? Have I a Regular Saver scheme set up?

Setting aside a little time to focus on your finances each month pays great dividends
Setting aside two hours to focus on your finances each month pays great dividends

8) Is there a pension in place? Have I provided anything for retirement? Will I be comfortable living off the State Pension at age sixty-six? Do I need to supplement an existing pension as it may not then be enough to pay for the lifestyle I have become accustomed to?

9) Have I provided for my dependents – education, life cover (in case I die) health cover (for them if applicable, and myself should I be incapacitated plus hospital and redundancy cover) and inheritance (leaving my hard earned wealth to my loved ones in the most tax efficient manner possible)

10) Have I planned the next year, 3 years, 5 years, 10 years? Have I even completed a simple annual household budget? Email me at jlowe@moneydoctor.ie if you would like this form sent to you.

If you are normal, you will have turned a blind eye to most of the above questions.

Family, careers, your own interests take priority when it comes to dealing with your own financial issues.

It is also a little like work; boring, tedious and not really enjoyable but as inevitable as the sun coming up, it has to be done. And it takes a little time - ideally two hours every month - to be put aside each month to sort it out.

So, therefore, we MUST address our financial issues. No point in leaving the head in the sand. Planning is crucial and for those who cannot afford a financial consultant, they must do it themselves and consult with their family or friends.

Addressing these questions is a little like eating an elephant – one small piece at a time. Your very first activity should be to extrapolate all the relevant financial information so that you can see the BIG picture.

You will soon know if you are solvent and what you now need to do to steady the ship.

Like the advert says – just do it!

John Lowe is a Personal Insolvency Practitioner & managing director of Providence Finance Services Ltd trading as Money Doctor, regulated by the Central Bank and based in Stillorgan Co Dublin. He is the author of Money Doctor 2017 (Gill Books).