Ever wondered where the term “money” came from ? Mark Twain once said the lack of money is the root of all evil…St Paul described it in a different way… the love of money is the root of all evil… It has evolved from a simple bartering mechanism to the hugely complicated structures we use in our everyday lives.

Here is a kaleidoscope of 20 interesting facts concerning money….

1. The name money comes from Middle English: from Old French moneie, from Latin moneta ‘mint, money’, originally a title of the goddess Juno, in whose temple in Rome money was minted.

2. Before money was made of bills and coins, these items were used as currency: conch shells, ivory, clay, live animals and grain. As long as it was divisible and scarce, it could be deemed “money”.

3. The first banks were likely religious temples because the security was always tight.

The first banks were likely religious temples

4. The first records of loans, deposits, currency validation and exchange were recorded in the 18th Century BC in Babylon. (Ancient Greece)

5. Pythius, a merchant banker from Asia Minor in 5th century B.C. was the first banker on record.

6. The term "check" or "cheque" is derived from the game of chess. Putting the king in check means his choices are limited, just like a modern day cheque that limits opportunities for forgery and alteration.

7. The Knights Templar between 1118 and 1307 used a cheque system to provide their pilgrims with travel funds. They worked much like modern day travellers cheques, now virtually extinct.

8. The term bankrupt is taken from two words… bancus meaning bench in Latin on which bankers used to ply their trade in the marketplace and ruptus  meaning broken – once the banker could no longer trade, the bancus would be broken to signify the banker is out of business.

The term bankrupt is taken from two words…

9. The original two currencies of America was the Sterling Pound and the Spanish Dollar. In fact, the first type of U.S. currency to ever be issued was a mere $2,000,000. It was issued in 1775 by the Continental Congress. Every new issue of this currency steadily devalued it against the Sterling Pound, and the Spanish Dollar.

10. The $ symbol is derived from the Spanish dollar sign. In 1782, the US considered choosing the Spanish peso as the country’s currency. The abbreviation for the Spanish peso (PS) later transformed into a $.

11. The U.S. “$” sign has long been in use to represent foreign currency prior to the issue of the first U.S dollar in 1875. Not only that, but the “$” symbol never has, nor does it now, appear on any U.S. currency.

12. In 1932, wooden bills were temporarily made and used in Tenino, Washington because there was a major cash shortage at the time and wood was readily available.

13. The largest numerical bill ever to circulate in the world was 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 ( a thousand million million million ) and it was the Millard Hungarian Pengo, issued in 1946. At the time, it was only worth $.20cents in the U.S.

The largest numerical bill was 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000

14. The first ATM to ever exist was at Barclays Bank in London, in 1967. It was invented by John Shepherd-Barron while bathing in his tub, or so he claimed. Guess what else? That ATM didn’t charge a fee.

15. In 1980 the first ATM came to Ireland – Stillorgan Shopping Centre to be precise and at the Bank of Ireland branch.. and yes yours truly was the junior banker who took charge of the machine ( basically loading it!)

16. On September 30th, 1980, the U.S. national debt was $907 billion. Fast forward 36 years later, and the U.S. national debt is over $20.5 trillion – trebled in the last 8 years. Now that’s what I call a lasting legacy…

17. Did you know that money has a short life span? On average a $1 bill lasts only 18 months, a $5 bill will last two years, and a $10 bill will last three years. This is why the U.S. Bureau of Engraving & Printing has to reprint $541 million worth of currency each year.

Did you know that money has a short life span?

18. Disregard the overall national debt for a moment, and consider that the amount of debt the U.S. owes to China only equates to an average of $10,000 for every American family.

19. Americans currently owe about $875 billion in student loans, which is more than our country collectively owes in credit card debt. Student loan debt is increasing at a rate of $2,853.88 per second….

20. In May 2016, there were 4.2billion debit card transactions in Ireland – 2.6billion with Point of Sale retailers and 1.6billion in ATMs, and that’s before An Post with their 1.3million customers bring out their debit card!

John Lowe, Personal Insolvency Practitioner and Fellow of the Institute of Bankers, is founder and managing director of Providence Finance Services Limited trading as Money Doctor, regulated by the Central Bank of Ireland and author of the best-selling The Money Doctor 2016 plus 50 Ways to Wealth (both Gill) web : www.independentfinancialadvice.ie  and now available for seminars and consultations