Dr Mary Aiken is a Forensic Cyber-psychologist who specialises in the impact of technology on human behaviour.
Speaking to Ryan Tubridy this morning on RTÉ Radio 1 she said "What we consider the internet is really only about 1% of the internet, the rest is what I call 'what lies beneath'."
She continued to explain how extreme and unsavoury some of the content available on the internet is.
"When I'm talking to kids or teenagers or even college students. I point out to them that there is no command delete file for the brain. What is seen cannot be unseen and we see reports of post-traumatic stress disorder in content moderators that work in the Philippines for, you know, ten dollars an hour taking down this extreme content for social media companies. So they're used as human filters."
Dr. Aiken explained the difference between convenience and compulsion saying that "The average person checks their cell phone about 200 times a day!"
She goes on to say that we need to control that behaviour because it can have a negative effect on our interaction with children.
"My concern is how much distraction it causes within a family context."
"If you're the caretaker of a young infant and you're constantly checking your technologies, then that's time you're not making eye contact with a child."
"Also, an infant in a house. If the older brothers and sisters are constantly distracted then they're also not making eye contact, bonding, talking, playing with the younger members of the family."
However, despite the many negative effects, Dr. Aiken says she is pro-technology. She explains her stance saying:
"Technology is here to stay, it's like air or water. These behaviours that we're exhibiting, they're not internet addictive behaviour because you can't be addicted to air or water. It's a case of maladaptive behaviours and we're going through figuring out how to adapt to our use of technology."
Dr. Aiken's final piece of advice for listeners?
"The general guideline is to proceed as if all of your technologies are compromised."
She went on to say we should go as far as covering the cameras on our laptops, explaining that "If your computer is compromised, your camera can be turned on and also it can be done in a way that the camera light doesn't come on.
"So you would never know whether or not your camera was switched on or not."
Listen below for Ryan Tubridy's full interview with Dr. Aiken:
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