Hearts and Partick Thistle's legal battle against relegation will go to an arbitration panel convened by the SFA.
Lord Clark granted a motion from the SPFL and promoted clubs Dundee United, Raith Rovers and Cove Rangers that the relegated clubs' Court of Session action be suspended.
The judge ruled that clubs were bound by SFA articles and SPFL rules to take such cases to arbitration.
A motion from the promoted clubs to dismiss the court proceedings entirely was dismissed.
The judge granted Hearts and Thistle's request for a recovery of documents from both the league and three champion clubs to help prepare their case.