The introduction of a black card and sin bin in hurling to combat potential cynical play has been heavily defeated at Congress.

The motion was defeated 82-18, with former GAA president Sean Kelly saying the black card has been confusing in football and not the appropriate way to tackle cynicism in hurling.

During the debate, David Hassan of the playing rules committee quoted figures, claiming there were 12 cynical tackles in 20 Championship matches last year.

One change introduced in hurling will see no relegation from this year's Leinster SHC round robin, with the provincial championship expanding to six teams from 2021.

GAA President John Horan announced that the Second Tier football championship, which will be played for the first time this summer, will be called The Tailteann Cup.

Dublin may play two matches outside of Croke Park if they reach the Super 8s after 90% voted in favour of Motion 19.

It amends the rule that required Croke Park to be one of the neutral venues. The CCCC will instead decide on venues for neutral games.

A national club fixtures oversight committee will be established after the motion passed with 93% approval.

The motion to amend the advanced mark rule passed with 90% approval, which means that defenders will now have the right to tackle players who catch the ball in the small or large square but do not claim the mark.

Also passed was the motion proposed by rules advisory committee, which will see a sideline or fourth official appointed to all games where possible.

However, sideline cuts in hurling that go over the bar will not be awarded two points as the motion was defeated 77-23. 

Other motions that failed to pass included increasing the duration of all adult games to 70 minutes, and All-Ireland semi-finals going to replays after 70 minutes and no extra-time.

The motions calling for Under-20 championship to be played in February/March was withdrawn until Special Congress in September, along with the motion that called for schools competitions to be completed by St Patrick's Day.