Strikes and staff shortages are forcing airlines all over Europe to cancel thousands of flights and causing hours-long queues at major airports, dashing hopes of a sizzling first summer after Covid lockdowns.

Here is a summary of some of the developments:

LABOUR UNREST

After sweeping job cuts and pay cuts when Covid-19 brought travel to a grinding halt, staff across the industry from pilots to baggage handlers are asking for big pay increases and better working conditions.

Norwegian Air earlier in June agreed a 3.7% payrise for pilots among other benefits, in a sign of what other airlines may have to offer to avoid labour strife.

Heathrow - British Airways staff at London's Heathrow airport have voted to strike after the airline failed to roll back a 10% paycut imposed during the pandemic, with the strike likely to take place during the peak summer holiday period over the next two months.

Charles de Gaulle, Paris - Workers at France's main airport went on strike on June 9 to demand a €300 per month increase and better working conditions, leading to the cancellation of 25% of flights. Further action is planned for July 2.

Ryanair - Strikes by Ryanair cabin crew unions in Belgium, Spain, Portugal, France and Italy affected less than 2% of the 9,000 flights scheduled between Friday and Sunday, the low-cost carrier said. Crews in Spain are set to strike again on June 30 and July 1-2.

EasyJet - Spain-based cabin crew at EasyJet plan to go on strike for nine days in July, demanding a 40% increase in their basic salary which is much lower than in countries such as France and Germany, local union USO said.

Lufthansa - A German trade union representing Lufthansa ground staff is demanding at least €350 a month more over 12 months to cushion the effects of soaring inflation, with first round of negotiations set to take place June 30.

SAS - Some 1,000 SAS pilots in Denmark, Norway and Sweden will walk out on June 29 over disagreements over wages and cost-cutting plans at the struggling Nordic airline.

REDUCED SUMMER SCHEDULES

EasyJet and Lufthansa last week cut thousands more flights from their summer schedules, in latest examples of airlines cutting capacity, while airports, including Gatwick and Schiphol, are limiting the volume of passengers they will handle over the summer.

HIRING SPREE AND INCENTIVES

Airports and airlines are scrambling to hire more workers from pilots to security and border control staff and baggage handlers after many left during the Covid-19 crisis.

Industry executives say it is hard to recruit for often physically demanding, relatively low paid work at airports often located out of town. Training staff and getting them security clearance to work at airports also takes months.

The daa, which operates Dublin and Cork airports, is on track to have over 900 security staff in place by the end of June. It also aims to hire another 100 during July.

Schiphol airport has agreed to pay 15,000 cleaners, baggage handlers and security staff €5.25 extra per hour during the summer. One of Europe's busiest airports needs to hire 500 security staff. Before the pandemic, there were 68,000 workers in and around the airport, now there are 58,000.

Germany wants to bring in foreign workers as quickly as possible to relieve staff shortages at airports. According to the ADV airport association, about one in five jobs in security, check-in and aircraft handling is unfilled at the country's airports.

The head of the ABL association of aircraft ground handling employees expects 1,000 to 2,000 workers will be allowed in for three months, most likely starting in August.

The Portuguese government plans to more than double border control staff at the country's six airports by July 4.

In Spain, the police will hire 500 more staff taking the total to 1,700 deployed at the country's busiest airports, including Madrid and Barcelona.

Charles de Gaulle and Orly airports in Paris need to fill 4,000 jobs mainly in security, maintenance and travel retail, according to airport operator Groupe ADP and the CDG Alliance.

More than 20,000 people were laid off at Charles de Gaulle during the pandemic, according to the CGT union.

Airport security company ICTS which operates at Charles de Gaulle is offering a one-off €180 bonus to those delaying their holidays until after September 15 and €150 for staff who sign up new recruits, according to a CGT union representative.