Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda has today offered a cautiously optimistic view of the economy.
He said that global and Japanese growth are picking up from the damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic thanks to aggressive stimulus measures.
Speaking at a seminar, Kuroda said Japan's economic growth will be "clearly positive" in the country's new fiscal year, beginning in April, thanks to solid global trade and domestic demand for durable goods.
"The global economy is rebounding, a move that is also seen in Japan's economy," Kuroda said. "The recovery in the US economy is positive both for Japan and global growth."
But Kuroda stressed the Bank of Japan's resolve to maintain its massive stimulus and take additional easing steps "without hesitation" if risks derail Japan's recovery.
"We will closely monitor markets as well as overseas and domestic economic developments, as various uncertainties remain on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic," Kuroda said.
The upbeat comments come in the wake of the Bank of Japan's decision earlier this month to make its policy tools more sustainable as the pandemic prolongs the battle to meet its long-distant 2% inflation goal.
Among the purposes of the review was to mitigate the rising cost of prolonged easing, such as the strain ultra-low interest rates inflict on financial institutions' margin.
Critics of Kuroda's radical policies have called on the Bank of Japan to ditch its 2% inflation target and start focusing more on addressing the damage of low rates to Japan's banking system.
Kuroda countered such views, saying that monetary policy must focus on achieving price stability.
"Price stability can be pursued with monetary policy, while a sound financial system can be achieved with macro-prudential tools," Kuroda said, signalling the bank will not dial back stimulus just to mitigate the side-effects on banks.
After rebounding from the initial hit of Covid-19, Japan's economy is seen suffering a contraction in the current quarter due to weak consumer demand.
The outlook remains uncertain, though analysts expect solid exports to make up for some of the weakness in domestic consumption.
The Bank of Japan will release new quarterly economic growth and inflation forecasts at its next rate review on April 26-27.