French bank BNP Paribas has today reported an 8.8% fall in quarterly profit, a smaller decline than analysts had expected.

Economic growth in France has helped the bank expand its loan book and it said it earned more from its investment banking business.

The company's results follow that of Europe's biggest banks, such as Barclays and HSBC, which warned it may be hard or impossible to meet their profit targets, given the worsening global economic outlook.

BNP Paribas had already reduced 2020 profitability targets and announced new cost cuts at its investment banking unit at the beginning of this year.

Indications by the European Central Bank that negative interest rates are here to stay and intense competition in the retail banking market are also weighing on banks' ability to make profits. 

BNP Paribas said today that new monetary policy measures announced at the end of the quarter would come into full effect only in 2020. 

The company's net income for the third quarter was €1.94 billion, compared with €2.12 billion a year earlier, when its topline was boosted by gains on a stake sale.  

The quarterly net income topped an average forecast of 1.80 billion euros in a Reuters survey of four analysts.

"The business of BNP Paribas was up this quarter in all the operating divisions in a context where economic growth slowed down but still remained positive in Europe, in particular in France," the bank said. 

Pre-tax profit at its corporate and institutional bank rose by 13.5% in the third quarter, helped in particular by a sharp rise in credit and primary issues and a rebound in forex trading. 

The company added, however, that provisions at the unit rose by €130m compared to a year earlier, which reflected the "impact of a significant file". 

Pre-tax income at the company's French retail unit rose by 5.2%, as it continued to cut costs and grew loans by 5.9%.