Royal Bank of Scotland has today named Alison Rose as its new chief executive, becoming the first major British lender to appoint a woman to its top job. 

Alison Rose, who was widely tipped to get the role at the state-backed lender, will succeed outgoing CEO Ross McEwan on November 1. 

He is due to join National Australia Bank as their next chief executive. 

Ms Rose has worked at the bank for 27 years and takes on the role at a pivotal time for the lender, as British banks prepare for the economic fallout if Britain leaves the European Union without a deal next month. 

She will also be tasked with further patching up RBS's damaged reputation and trying to return the bank to private hands, more than a decade after its £45 billion state rescue in the financial crisis. 

"Following a rigorous internal and external process, I am confident that we have appointed the best person for the job," RBS Chairman Howard Davies said in a statement. 

The new CEO will receive a fixed base salary of £1.1m a year plus a fixed share allowance set at 100% of her salary.

That is up slightly from McEwan who has a base pay of £1m a year, plus a 100% fixed share allowance. 

Outgoing RBS CEO Ross McEwan

RBS said Rose's pay package "continues to represent a restrained pay position in terms of comparable roles". 

However Rose's pension will be set at 10% of her salary in line with other RBS employees, compared to McEwan who is receiving £350,000 a year in pension funding. 

British banks have been criticised by investors this year for giving their executives more favourable pension arrangements than the rest of their workforce.

Alison Rose has risen through the RBS ranks from a trainee to deputy CEO of the lender's biggest business NatWest, as well as head of its commercial and private lending. 

She also won plaudits for leading a government-commissioned review into the barriers holding back female entrepreneurs. 

The appointment means RBS will be led by two women in its top executive roles, after Katie Murray was promoted to the chief financial officer role in January. 

RBS owns Ulster Bank here, which is also run by a woman - Jane Howard. 

Ulster Bank CEO Jane Howard

Ross McEwan, who has led the bank since 2013, announced his decision to retire in April. 

The British government has committed to fully privatising RBS by 2024, but political and economic turmoil triggered by the Brexit vote has delayed further sales of the state's remaining 62% holding and thrown the timetable into doubt.