Global economic growth is likely to stabilise at a new, slower pace, although China, trade wars and rising protectionism threaten the "delicate equilibrium", Bank of England Governor Mark Carney said. 

He pointed to a shift towards tighter financial conditions from rising in interest rates, as well as trade tensions, as reasons for the recent slowdown in the world economy. 

Rising debt in China and new barriers to global trade were a "significant and growing" risk to the global outlook for growth, Mr Carney said.

Potectionism was already having an impact, he added in a speech at a Financial Times event today. 

"Given the confluence of the current broad-based slowdown and outstanding downside risks, some are beginning to wonder whether the global expansion, begun in 2010, could be starting to end," Mark Carney said.

"While there are pockets of risk and global growth is still decelerating, the combination of the policy response and the state of the current imbalances in advanced economies suggest that global growth is more likely than not to stabilise eventually around its new, modest trend," he said. 

"But this is a judgement, not a guarantee. The world is in a delicate equilibrium," he added. 

Mr Carney added that "it isn't easy to win a trade war", referring to remarks made by US President Donald Trump in March last year that trade wars were "good, and easy to win". 

On Brexit, Mark Carney said it was in everyone's interests to find a solution that works for all in the weeks ahead. 

"In many respects, Brexit is the first test of a new global order and could prove the acid test of whether a way can be found to broaden the benefits of openness while enhancing democratic accountability," he said.