People around the world place much more trust in their companies than their political leaders, according to a major survey that suggests a mood of uncertainty and pessimism on the eve of the World Economic Forum in Davos. 

The annual Edelman Trust Barometer shows only one in five people believe the economic, political and social system is working for them.

Nearly 60% think trade conflicts are hurting their companies and putting their jobs at risk. 

The sense of gloom is strongest in developed markets led by Japan, where 84% of the general public - excluding the ‘informed public’ who are college-educated, earn above-average incomes and consume news regularly - do not believe they will be better off in five years' time.

Japan is followed by France at 79%, Germany at 74% and Britain at 72%. 

That is far above the average 49% of the 27 countries examined in the research. 

Amid low confidence that politicians will fix the problems, these people are turning to companies, with 75% saying they trust "my employer", compared to 48% for government and 47% for the media. 

"CEOs now have to be visible, show personal commitment, absolutely step into the void, because we've got a leadership void in the world," Richard Edelman, head of the communications marketing firm that commissioned the research, told Reuters. 

Optimism was higher in the US, where nearly half of the general public believed they would be better off in the next five years.

The corresponding figure there was 62% for the better-educated, higher-earning "informed public". 

"The stock market was very good, the deregulation and lower taxes for the wealthy - it's pretty good if you are an elite," Edelman said of the US findings. 

The survey, based on the opinions of over 33,000 people and conducted between October 19 and November 16, is published on the eve of the Davos gathering in the Swiss Alps.

This year the Davos event brings together some 3,000 business and world leaders amid anxiety over the US-China trade war, Brexit and a slowdown in global growth. 

The pessimism in Japan, France, Germany and Britain reflects a variety of factors. 

"I think Japan's never really recovered from Fukushima, there was such a violation of trust when that happened," said Edelman, referring to the authorities' botched response to a massive nuclear accident in 2011.

Signs of slowing global demand and a sharp rise in the yen have clouded the outlook for Japan's export-reliant economy, and the government plans tax hikes to pay for ballooning healthcare costs for its rapidly ageing population.

"The problem for the three European countries is that given the reality of the potentially diminished economic future, there is deep anger in advance," Edelman said. 

In France, what started as a grassroots rebellion by low-paid workers to protest taxes on diesel fuel and a squeeze on household incomes has morphed into an assault on President Emmanuel Macron and his reforms, seen by the protesters as favouring the wealthy. 

And in Britain, the Brexit crisis intensified last week after Prime Minister Theresa May’s two-year attempt to forge an amicable divorce from the European Union was crushed by parliament in the biggest defeat for a British leader in modern history. 

The survey found that while only 49% of the wider population trusted institutions such as governments, this figure rose to 65% among high-income, college-educated and well-informed people - the biggest gap since the research began 19 years ago. 

Despite widespread distrust of the media, uncertainty about the future has led to a sharp jump in people's consumption and sharing of news and information, up 22 percentage points in a year to 72%. 

But more than 70% said they worry about false information or fake news being used as a weapon.

In the US, where President Donald Trump has repeatedly denounced the media as purveyors of fake news, trust in media varied widely depending on political affiliations. 

Those who identified themselves as Republican voters showed only 33% trust in media, while 69% of Democrats did so.