British ship insurer Steamship Mutual plans to set up a new Dutch subsidiary to ensure continued access to trade in the European Union in case Britain loses single market access. 

"We are about to apply for a licence to establish a subsidiary company in the Netherlands," Steamship Mutual's executive chairman Gary Rynsard said.

Mr Rynsard said the company would opt for the port city of Rotterdam. 

The UK dominates the global marine insurance market and losing access to specialist Protection and Indemnity (P&I) clubs could weaken its multi-billion pound shipping services sector. 

Steamship Mutual, which employs around 150 people in the UK, is one of 13 major global P&I clubs and Europe represents more than 30% of the insurer's global business. 

Rynsard said it needed "to act now" to ensure it could continue to underwrite business in the bloc at the annual renewal date of February 20, 2019. 

This would be just ahead of the March 29, 2019 date when Britain is due to leave the EU and Rynsard said the insurer expected to have five staff in the Netherlands by the end of 2018. 

"We cannot rely on transitional plans and will take action assuming a worst case scenario," he said. 

Insurers are making contingency plans after Britain's vote to leave the EU means they risk losing "passporting" rights that allow UK financial services firms to trade in Europe without the need for locally regulated entities. 

The six P&I clubs regulated in Britain are estimated to account for over half the revenue of an industry that insures about 90% of the world's ocean-going tonnage. 

P&I clubs North and Standard said in late November they would set up EU subsidiaries in Dublin, while UK P&I Club was next to announce it was opting for the Netherlands.

This was followed by Britannia, which said it would create a hub in Luxembourg. 

The other UK-regulated P&I club, London, has not yet announced its plans.

Many of these clubs - owned by shipping companies - have been an integral part of the City of London for nearly two centuries, insuring ocean going ships against pollution and injury claims, typically the biggest costs when a vessel sinks. 

Hull and machinery cover, which protects vessels against physical damage, is provided separately by other marine insurers. 

Dublin, Luxembourg and Brussels are among the EU locations that have emerged for a number of players in the wider insurance market.