The International Monetary Fund said today that the US economy was "overall in good shape", with growth set to accelerate from recent setbacks despite an overvalued dollar.

But the Fund warned that too many Americans were still living in poverty. 

The IMF expects US growth to be 2.2% in 2016 and 2.55 in 2017, with inflation rising slowly toward the Federal Reserve's goal of 2%, it said in a statement.

The statement was released at the conclusion of its annual review of US economic policies. 

"At today's level of the real effective exchange rate, the current account deficit is expected to rise above 4% of GDP by 2020, pointing to the dollar being overvalued by 10-20%," the IMF said in its report. 

The IMF said among the biggest risks to future US growth were another downdraft in global demand and declining participation in the labour force as the population ages.

It also said that too many Americans were living in poverty, about one in seven people. One of every three households headed by a female, it also noted.

The IMF urged US policymakers to take steps to increase labour force participation.

These include improving child-care and other family-friendly benefits to draw more women into the workforce, pursuing immigration reforms and reworking the disability insurance programme to allow for part-time work. 

It also called for the US to raise the federal minimum wage while at the same time providing a more generous earned-income tax credit, and improving early childhood education.