Royal Bank of Scotland is axing almost 600 jobs in its UK retail bank in the latest round of job cuts and branch closures at the lender. 

All the employees impacted work in the bank's retail network in England and most are being told of the decision today. 

The cuts will come in the bank's in branches in northern, southeast or eastern England, the Midlands or London. 

The bank is closing about 34 branches and reducing opening hours in hundreds more in an aggressive cost-cutting plan.

RBS chief executive Officer Ross McEwan has been cutting thousands of jobs to reduce expenses in a bid to boost earnings after eight years of annual losses in a row. 

The latest redundancies mean RBS has cut 1,500 staff across the UK so far this year. Most of the cuts are in the retail division where the bank has announced plans in 2016 to axe about one in every 12 jobs. 

RBS, 73% owned by the UK government, said the job cuts were due to customers increasingly banking online. 

"This is clearly difficult news for staff," the bank said in a statement. "We will do everything we can to support them, including seeking redeployment opportunities wherever possible." 

RBS is struggling to return to health eight years after requiring the world's largest bank bailout at the height of the financial crisis. 

UK raxpayers face losing almost half the £45.5 billion invested to keep the bank afloat because its shares are trading below the level that the state paid for them, according to an analysis by the Treasury last month. 

RBS closed more bank branches in the UK than any other lender between 2014 and 2015, according to one study published last year, and it has reneged on an earlier promise to avoid closing the last branch in any town. 

Like many UK banks, RBS is justifying closing branches to cut costs because changes in technology mean fewer staff and locations are needed. 

The bank says the number of people going into branches has dropped by half on average since 2010, while the number of people making transactions online has jumped four fold.