Carl Icahn has agreed to cap his stake in Dell Inc while the panel considers competing takeover bids from the billionaire investor, a group led by CEO Michael Dell and buyout specialist Blackstone Group.
The Round Rock, Texas, company said that its board approved the agreement with Icahn under which he and entities tied to him pledge not to buy up more than 10% of the company's shares.
The deal also covers other shareholders who, together with Icahn, would own more than 15% of Dell's shares.
In exchange, Icahn is allowed to talk to other shareholders about putting together a superior proposal to a $24.4 billion buyout offer backed by company founder Michael Dell.
The company said the agreement maximises its chances of getting a better proposal from Icahn but also protects shareholders from the accumulation of an "unduly influential voting interest."
Dell announced earlier this year that Michael Dell, who owns 14% of the company's shares, was planning a buyout offer that would make the company he founded a privately owned business, ending its 25-year run as a public company.
Dell's deal with Silver Lake Partners amounts to $13.65 per share.
Other prominent company shareholders complained that the price was too low.
That emboldened Blackstone Group and Icahn to submit separate proposals offering a slightly higher price. Blackstone is proposing to buy most of Dell Inc's stock for $14.25 per share while Icahn is willing to pay $15 per share for up to 58% of the shares.
A portion of the company's stock will remain publicly traded if Blackstone or Icahn prevail.
That would allow current shareholders to share some of the gains if Dell Inc successfully executes on a plan calling for the company to lessen its dependence on the shrinking PC market and diversify into more profitable sectors such as selling data storage services and business software.
Dell's largest independent shareholder, Southeastern Asset Management, has said it was leaning toward supporting one of the attempts to scuttle Michael Dell's bid.
Dell's special committee said it is still backing the deal with Michael Dell and Silver Lake while it assesses the alternate proposals.
Both Blackstone and Icahn are reviewing Dell Inc's books before taking the next step in their bids.
Shares of Dell rose 3 cents to $14.07 in morning trading while broader trading indexes rose slightly. The shares have already climbed 39% since closing 2012 at $10.14.