Lloyds Banking Group was fined £4.3m sterling by the London City watchdog today after up to 140,000 customers had their payment protection insurance compensation payments delayed.

The customers were not paid redress within 28 days of receiving a decision letter and almost 9,000 had to wait more than six months for their compensation, the Financial Services Authority said.

The failings relate to Lloyds TSB Bank, Lloyds TSB Scotland and Bank of Scotland, leading to a total fine of £4.3m.

The UK regulator said it had imposed a large fine because Lloyds' redress payments systems fell "way below the standard the FSA expects".

Nearly one quarter of 582,206 decision letters agreeing to pay PPI compensation between May 2011 and March 2012 did not result in payouts being made within the target of 28 days.

Under FSA rules, such compensation should be paid out promptly. The regulator said that around 87,000 customers had to wait more than 45 days, 56,000 over 60 days, 29,000 past 90 days and 8,800 in excess of six months.

Some 24,589 payments were mistakenly dropped out of the process and later came to light as a result of customers calling to chase the vanished payments and through media attention, the FSA said.

When customers tried to chase up redress payments they had not received, deficiencies in its process meant the group was unable to fast-track the payments, tell them when they would get their money or explain the delays, the FSA said.

The FSA said that Lloyds had not planned sufficiently "at the outset" and its systems were not able to process the large volumes of PPI payouts in a timely way. Bank staff did not have the knowledge and experience to make sure that the system worked properly and the tracking of payments was ineffective, the watchdog said.

Lloyds apologised to customers and acknowledged that it had underestimated the scale of the PPI scandal. The banking giant said "almost all" customers who were due redress during the review period have been paid in full and customers have not been left out of pocket because of the delays.

"When we took the lead in 2011 to compensate customers on PPI, we had not fully anticipated the volume of complaints to be processed at the outset and experienced some administrative errors as we scaled up our systems and processes,'' Lloyds said in a statement.

"We acknowledge that this led to some customers not being compensated on time and we apologise to those customers whose payments were delayed. It is important to note that almost all customers who were due redress during the review period have now been paid in full,'' the bank added.