US manufacturing grew for the first time in four months, buoyed by a jump in new orders.
The increase was a hopeful sign that the economy is improving.
The Institute for Supply Management, a trade group of purchasing managers, said its index of factory activity rose to 51.5, up from 49.6 in August.
Any reading above 50 signals growth and below indicates contraction.
The index had been below that threshold from June until August.
A measure of employment also increased, suggesting manufacturers added workers last month.
The increase could signal that manufacturing is picking up after a weakening this spring because of declining consumer demand and a drop in exports.
The improvement in the US comes even as growth is slowing overseas. Europe's financial crisis has pushed many countries in the region into recession. Growth in emerging nations such as China and India has slowed.
China's manufacturing sector shrank in September, according to a survey by a Chinese trade group. But its measure of factory activity rose for the first time in four months, to 49.8, from 49.2.
The US economy grew at an annual rate of just 1.3% in the April-June quarter, down from a 2% growth rate in the January-March quarter. Most economists expect growth will stay near or below 2% for the rest of this year. Growth at that pace is typically too weak to lower the unemployment rate.
Employers added 96,000 jobs in August, lower than July's total and far below the average of 226,000 a month in the first three months of the year.
The unemployment rate dropped to 8.1%from 8.3% in July, but onlyy because fewer people were looking for work. The US government only counts people as unemployed if they are actively searching for jobs.
The government will release the September employment report on Friday.