Fact or Fiction: The Normans

Múinteoir Clíona taught us a lot about The Normans in today's lesson.  See if you can identify whether these sentences are true or false.

1) The Normans were descended from Vikings and were fierce warriors!

2) Their leader was a Frenchman named Norman and that's why they were called Normans.

3) In 1169, The Normans were invited to Ireland by the King of Leinster, Diarmait Mac Murchada.

4) Richard De Clare’s nickname was 'Strongbow’.

5) Strongbow had a brother named ‘Weakarrow’.

6) The Normans introduced the English language to Ireland.

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Make and Do: Norman Helmet 

Here's how to make your Norman helmet, just like Clíona did in today’s lesson.

What you need:

  • Piece of string
  • Balloon
  • Cereal box
  • Scissors
  • Sellotape
  • Paper Mache glue (see below instructions for how to make it, if you don't have PVA glue)
  • Paintbrushes
  • Paint (whatever colour you want)
  • Strips of old newspaper
  • Tinfoil
  • Stapler

Step 1: Measure the width of your head using a piece of string, so you know what size the helmet needs to be.

Step 2: Blow up a balloon, with the string around it so you know when it's the right size and you should stop inflating it.

Step 3: Cut out the front or back of a cereal box.

Step 4: Stick a strip of tape along the long side of the cardboard.

Step 5: Gently attach the cardboard side with the tape, around the balloon.  This forms the back part of the helmet.

Step 6: Cover the balloon with paper mache glue.  Your glue can be a mix of PVA glue and water, or if you don't have PVA glue, mix 1 cup of plain flour with 2 cups of water and stir until smooth. 

Use the microwave to thicken the paste, if required (around 30 seconds at a time, then stir each time, until it has thickened and there are no lumps).  Be sure to ask an adult if you need help with the microwave!

Step 7: Stick strips of newspaper on to the balloon, using your glue paste.  Cover the cardboard with glue as well.

Step 8: Cover the newspaper strips with paste once you've stuck them on.

Step 9: Wait for the paper mache to dry then paint over it and the cardboard, so you have a fully painted helmet.  When all of that is dry, burst the balloon and remove it from the hardened paper mache.

Step 10: Place a thin strip of cardboard on some tinfoil and cut around it, leaving enough tinfoil to fully cover the strip.

Step 11: Staple the strip of tinfoil to the front of the hat in the middle.

Voilà (as The Normans would say)!  You're ready to go into battle like a true Norman warrior.

Send us pictures or videos of what you have done. Ask your parents to help you send them to rte.ie/learn

Fact or Fiction Answers:  1) True 2) False 3) True 4) True 5) False 6) True