Plants

Plants are important to the planet and all its living things.  Plants produce the oxygen we breathe and provide the food we eat.   

We need plants to grow big and strong. What do plants need to grow?

Water, air, light, soil, warmth 

Quiz

This is the lifecycle of a sunflower.  Can you match these words with the correct part of the plant?

Leaf, Petals, Stem, Seed, Flower, Roots, Seedling 

Send us pictures or videos of what you have done. Ask your parents to help you send them to rte.ie/learn

Experiment – Dye Your Daisies

So, we should know now that plants absorb water through their roots.  The water moves up through the stem and into the leaves and flowers.  This happens even when the flower has been picked and has no roots. How do we know?  Here's a way to find out. 

What you’ll need: 

  • White flowers e.g daisies (You can use big flowers like chrysanthemums, roses or carnations either)
  • Food colouring 
  • Water
  • Small jar or glass, or any small container, to hold the daisies, making sure their stems stay straight and not bent. 

What you need to do:

1) Go pick some daisies. Make sure you leave a long stem on them.  

2) Put them in a small container filled with water.   

3) Add three drops of food colouring to the water.

4) Leave overnight.

Result:  

The white petals of the daisies start turning the same colour as the water they are in, getting darker the longer you leave them. 

Why do the petals change colour? It is because the flower is absorbing the water through its stem and delivering it to the petals.

Send us pictures or videos of what you have done. Ask your parents to help you send them to rte.ie/learn

Answers: a) seed b) seedling c) leaf d) roots e) stem f) petal g) flower