During this phase of the Civil War, Munster was the focus of many conflicts. In this gallery, photographer David Cleary returns to locations captured on film back in 1922 at the height of the fighting and takes new photographs showing how those settings have changed - or not.
This 1922 image from the National Library of Ireland's collection shows the arrival of National Army troops in the city in August of that year. The anti-Treaty forces retreated from the city leaving it, along with most of the country, in the hands of Free State forces.
The old City Hall building, seen in this picture, had been badly damaged in the 1920 Burning of Cork and would be replaced by the current building in the 1930s. The new structure means that in 2022 we can see more of the corner building in the right hand side of the photograph, which was, until quite recently, the much-loved music venue the Lobby Bar. The spire of St Finbar's cathedral is visible on the far right of both photographs, seemingly unchanged.
This photo from the National Library of Ireland's collection, taken in August 1922, shows the arrival of Free State troops in Cork, as part of one of the major offensives of the Civil War. We see an armoured vehicle in Pembroke Street in the city centre, with Free State troops around it. In the foreground a crowd has gathered, while in the background can be seen the building then housing the Cork Chamber of Commerce.
In 1922 a group of soldiers posed for a casual photograph in front of what is now the Crawford College of Art and Design. That building is unchanged in 2022, as are the spires of St Fin Barre's cathedral and the South Gate Bridge, but now a new pedestrian bridge crosses the river where the soldiers stood a hundred years ago. The original image is courtesy of the National Library of Ireland.
This 1922 photo from the National Library of Ireland's Hogan collection shows National Army soldiers on patrol. Apparently the patrols moved in an open formation because of snipers. Apart from the growth of trees and the quality of the road, the scene is remarkably unchanged in 2022. In fact, despite the fact the original photo details didn't name the street where it was taken, we were able to identify the exact location with the help of Google Street View.
All the original images are courtesy of the National Library of Ireland.