Author Iain Banks has died at the age of 59.

The Scottish author revealed in April that he was suffering from terminal gall bladder cancer and was unlikely to live for more than a year.

The writer informed his fans of his terminal disease on his website, writing:

“The bottom line, now, I’m afraid, is that as a late-stage gall bladder cancer patient, I’m expected to live for ‘several months’ and it’s extremely unlikely I’ll live beyond a year.”

In a statement, his publisher stated that Banks was "an irreplaceable part of the literary world".

Banks' first novel, The Wasp Factory, was published in 1984 and is among his best known and admired works.

Other works by the author include The Crow Road, Complicity, Whit and Stonemouth.

He also wrote science-fiction under the name Iain M. Banks, most notably the popular The Culture series of books.

Banks is survived by his wife Adele Hartley, whom he married shortly after being diagnosed with cancer in March.