Easter Week 1916: what should have happened?
Once the Easter Rising began around midday on Easter Monday, normal everyday life in the city came to a halt. Events planned across the city were cancelled because of the military situation and, from Wednesday morning, the restrictions on public movement caused by the introduction of martial law. We take a look here at those events and happenings across the city that were planned for Easter Week, but which never happened.
Theatre, cinema and art
In the theatrical world the Abbey Theatre had a whole programme planned for Easter Week. On Easter Monday it featured two performances of W.B. Yeats’ Kathleen Ní Houlihan and W.M. Boyle’s The Mineral Workers. From Tuesday onwards Boyle’s work was to be replaced by the inaugural performances of T.H. Nally’s The Spancel of Death. The Gaiety Theatre was to host a two-week-long residency by the D’Oyly Carte Repertoire Company. It was to start on Easter Monday evening with a performance of The Gondoliers and then continue with a different Gilbert and Sullivan piece each night.
The Theatre Royal was also due to start a two-week run of performances. The headline act was the Irish-American comedienne, Kitty Francis, who was leading 20 other performers in a show entitled Mrs O’Malley’s Reception. Alongside Francis was also going to be the singer Miss Mollie Wells, Charles Mildare – a whistler and entertainer, and Scott and Frank Wilson who would perform a cycling turn. In the Queen’s Theatre there were to be two evening performances of ‘the great French drama’, Napoleon and Josephine. At the Tivoli Easter Monday saw the cancellation of its ‘Gigantic Easter Attraction’ featuring John McNally in the Borstal Boy, as well as performances from Fred Arthur (Humourist and Mimic) and Fields and Coco (Eccentric Ragtime Gymnasts). At the Coliseum there was supposed to be two evening performances by Les Trombettas (Continental Comedy Duo), Tom Stuart and his Burlesque Studies, and Footgers (an Anglo-French comedian).
The cinemas across the city closed their doors, and the public wasn't able to watch The Mystery of the Cards, ‘an extraordinary, sensational 3 reel drama’ at the Rotunda Pictures, The Warrens of Virginia at the Bohemian in Phibsboro, or Charlie Chaplin in Shanghaied at the Pillar Picture Palace.
In the more highbrow world of art, the Royal Hibernian Academy, then on Lower Abbey Street, had to close its doors on its annual exhibition.
In sport, while the Easter Monday horse race meeting at Fairyhouse went ahead, racing there and at Cork Park, Cashel and Clonmel was abandoned during the remainder of the week. Around the golf courses of Dublin, such as at Greystones, Lucan and Stillorgan, various competitions scheduled for the week were called off. This hit lady members particularly hard as it was most often their competitions that were played midweek. While rugby had abandoned its fixture list at the outbreak of World War One, the Leinster Senior League did continue in soccer, but as a result of military activity, its games scheduled for the following Saturday were cancelled meaning that neither Bohemians, Shamrock Rovers, Shelbourne nor Chapelizod would play.
City wide disruption
There were many other social and business gatherings that were halted because of the Rising. Mr and Mrs Leggett Byrne, for example, were unable to hold what was billed as ‘The Last Dance of the Season’ at the Gresham Hotel on Wednesday night.
In a more business vein, the annual meeting of the Meath Hospital and County Infirmary also scheduled for Wednesday, in the hospital on Heytesbury Street, was cancelled. Other cancellations included the Irish Drapers’ Assistants annual meeting at the Mansion House, the Catholic Girls’ Social Club and the opening of the annual Presbyterian Synod. The Royal Dublin Society Spring Show, which had opened on Monday and was supposed to run for the remainder of the week was called off, as was the accompanying exhibition by the Royal Horticultural Society of Ireland, its Great Spring Flower Show.
Add in problems with maintaining the transport infrastructure of the city, closed businesses, lootings, fires, martial law and problems with the food supply, Dublin was not a city that enjoyed what would have normally been a sociable and Spring-like Easter Week.