COMPETITION DATES
Artistic: 28 July to 7 August.
Rhythmic: 9-12 August.
Trampoline: 3-4 August.

STAR NAME
Kohei Uchimura: Japan's two-time Olympic silver medallist and nine-time world medallist made history in October 2011 when he became the first gymnast to win three consecutive all-around world titles. In April last year at Japan's national championships, Uchimura set the highest all-around score in men's gymnastics (94.9) since the scoring system was changed in 2006.

GREATEST OLYMPIAN
Larisa Latynina: The Soviet gymnast dominated female gymnastics between 1956 and 1964 and won 18 Olympic medals - still the record for the most Olympic medals in any sport. American swimmer Michael Phelps could overtake Latynina's record if he wins three or more medals at the London Games.

BIGGEST FLOP
Huge controversy hit the 2000 Sydney Games when it was discovered the vault was set five centimetres lower than the mandatory 125 centimetres for the women's all-around final. Russia's Svetlana Khorkina, widely tipped to win gold in the event, was one of several gymnasts who fell on the apparatus, with the psychological damage ruining her chance of a medal as she went on to fall on the uneven bars. Khorkina has since referred to the incident as "a black spot in my soul".

DID YOU KNOW?
Scoring a "perfect 10" is no longer possible as the rules were changed in 2006 by the International Gymnastics Federation. The scores for various events are now based upon difficulty ratings and there is no consistent perfect score. Romania's Nadia Comaneci was the first gymnast ever to be awarded a perfect score of 10 at the 1976 Montreal Olympics for her uneven bars routine.

FIRST APPEARANCE AT THE GAMES
1896 (Artistic), 1984 (Rhythmic), 2000 (Trampoline).