The first woman driver to race in the Formula One world championship, Italian Maria Teresa De Filippis, has died at the age of 89.
"We lost another pioneering member of the motorsport world today," said Austrian driver Alex Wurz
Wurz is a member of the Grand Prix Drivers' Club that counted De Filippis as its honorary president.
Born in Naples on November 11, 1926, De Filippis started three grands prix in 1958 at the wheel of a Maserati.
A 2012 book that marked the 50th anniversary of the Drivers' Club recalled how De Filippis was greeted when she tried to sign up for the 1958 French Grand Prix in Reims.
"The only helmet a beautiful woman should wear is the one at the hairdressers'," race director Toto Roche said as he prevented her from entering.
In her own introduction, De Filippis recalled the 'difficulties and misunderstandings' she had to overcome.
"Many journalists, too, did not always want general news but tried to get me to talk about particular situations as the only woman in the field," she said.
She faced that also in later life, with many years passing before another woman lined up on the starting grid.
Only five women have entered a grand prix since the championship started in 1950 and Italian Lella Lombardi, the next after De Filippis, remains the most successful with sixth place in Spain in 1975.
No woman has started a grand prix since Lombardi, although Britain's Divina Galica (1976-78), South African Desire Wilson (1980) and Italian Giovanna Amati (1992) all tried to qualify.
During her career De Filippis finished tenth and last at Spa in Belgium, and failed to finish in Portugal and her home race at Monza.
De Filippis (below in her Maserati in 1959) also tried to qualify for the 1958 Monaco Grand Prix, with current Formula One supremo Bernie Ecclestone another who failed to make the cut that day.
In 1959 she again failed to qualify in Monaco and then retired after the death that year of her Porsche team leader, French ace Jean Behra, in a sportscar race before the German Grand Prix at Avus.