Around 100 million Americans from New York City to Las Vegas are under heat warnings this week as temperatures rise well above 38 Celsius (100.4F), part of a trend of extreme weather made worse by climate change.

New York city temperatures are expected to reach 37C and temperatures are also expected to break daily records across Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, the National Weather Service (NWS) has said.

An NWS advisory for Dallas, Texas, where the high temperature was forecast to reach 44.4C, cautioned against strenuous activity in peak heat hours and reminded people to stay hydrated.

Air pollution presents yet another health risk in the heat. Pollution from the electric grid can more than double when power stations run full tilt to keep air conditioners running.

In New England, carbon dioxide production soared to 123 metric tonnes per hour just before 8pm on Tuesday.

That was more than double the hourly rate earlier in the day of just 58 metric tonnes, according to estimates by ISO New England, the grid operator for the six-state region.

The US heat wave follows conditions in Europe this week that have touched off wildfires and set record temperatures in the kind of weather event that scientists say will become more frequent with climate change.

US President Joe Biden announced a modest package of executive actions addressing climate change that included new funding for cooling centers and pushing for new off-shore wind projects in the oil-rich Gulf of Mexico.

Mist sprays outside a restaurant while customers wait for their orders during a heat wave in Austin, Texas

New York Salvation Army captain and pastor Jack Tripari has been helping people affected by the heatwave.

Yesterday he ushered a woman into a Salvation Army center for water and a moment of cool air.

"I do believe that there aren't enough people who know about the service so they might be missing out on receiving the help that we can provide during this extreme weather," said Rev Tripari.

The Brooklyn Bay Ridge Salvation Army cooling center is one of many Salvation Army centres across the country.

It operated just a few days in June but this time it is expected to stay open at least until the end of the week, Rev Tripari said.

Sweat dripped from 32-year-old Mako Arroyo's face as he collected rubbish from a New York City footpath yesterday.

The Clean Space sanitation worker said he pops inside businesses to cool off occasionally along his one-mile route.

"There's nothing else you can do but to stay hydrated. Luckily, on each block there's a store," Mr Arroyo said.

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Rose Cowles Fussell's family in Glenmora, Louisiana, installed an air conditioner in the dog house for their 15-year-old American bulldog named Boston.

The have been freezing milk jugs full of water to toss in the swimming pool. But yesterday they decided to retreat in hopes of finding cooler climates.

"We're out of here," Ms Cowles Fussell told Reuters.

She packed up the car, her husband and two teenagers and the dog and headed on a trip of 1,200km to Fernandina Beach in the Jacksonville, Florida area.