Sydney's cafes, gyms and restaurants welcomed back fully vaccinated customers today after nearly four months of lockdown, as Australia aims to begin living with coronavirus and gradually reopen with high rates of inoculation.
Some pubs in Sydney, the country's largest city and capital of New South Wales, opened at midnight. Friends and families huddled together for a midnight beer.
"I see it as a day of freedom, it's a freedom day," NSW state Premier Dominic Perrottet told reporters.
"We are leading the nation out of this pandemic but this will be a challenge."
Mr Perrottet warned that infections would rise after reopening and virus-free states such as Western Australia and Queensland are watching what living with Covid-19 is going to look like amid concerns health systems could be overwhelmed.
NSW aims to hit an 80% vaccine rate around late October, when more curbs will be relaxed. But the unvaccinated must remain at home until 1 December.
While NSW's dual-dose vaccination rate in people above 16 hit 74%, in neighbouring Queensland, whose borders remain closed to Sydney-siders, the rate is only 52% and the state government is following an elimination strategy with rapid lockdowns to control any outbreak.
Mr Perrottet has declared an end to lockdowns in NSW and has strong support for reopening in Sydney, whose more than five million residents endured severe restrictions from mid-June following an outbreak of the highly infectious Delta variant.
The outbreak has since spread to Melbourne and Canberra, forcing lockdowns in those cities, even as case numbers dwindle in NSW.
New South Wales today reported 496 new locally acquired cases, well down from their peak last month, while Victoria logged 1,612 new infections, the lowest in five days.
Under the relaxed rules for NSW, retail stores and restaurants reopened with reduced capacity, and more vaccinated people were allowed to gather in homes and attend weddings and funerals.
Steven Speed, the publican at Sydney's oldest pub, Fortune of War, told Reuters he hoped it was the last lockdown after 18 months of restrictions.
"Just the costs of closing down and opening up, closing down and opening up - they're huge," said Mr Speed, whose most loyal customers returned from 9am for the first post-lockdown beers with friends.
Kyl Raggio, owner of the KR Performance gym in the Sydney suburb of Randwick, said Australia could no longer afford to rely on rolling lockdowns to combat the virus.
"I hope that we can deal with whatever happens now moving forward, looking at the rest of the world hopefully we can stay open and do our thing," he added.
Prime Minister Scott Morrison urged Sydney residents to "enjoy the moment" after 106 days of lockdown.
"Today is a day so many have been looking forward to - a day when things we take for granted, we will celebrate," he said.
Mr Morrison, who must call an election before next May, has come under pressure to press all states to reopen borders to bolster the economy and allow families separated by state border closures to reunite by Christmas.
Some states with few cases have not said when they will reopen their borders.
Australia shut its international borders in March 2020,helping keep its coronavirus numbers relatively low, with 130,000 cases and 1,448 deaths.