New York state's attorney general is suing to dissolve the National Rifle Association, alleging senior leaders of the non-profit group diverted millions of dollars for personal use and to buy the silence and loyalty of former employees.
The lawsuit announced by Attorney General Letitia James alleges NRA leaders paid for family trips to the Bahamas, private jets and expensive meals that contributed to a $64 million reduction in the NRA's balance sheet in three years, turning a surplus into a deficit.
Ms James alleged in a statement that NRA leaders "used millions upon millions from NRA reserves for personal use," failing to comply with the NRA's own internal policies in addition to state and federal law.
In announcing the lawsuit, the attorney general told reporters the NRA "has operated as a breeding ground for greed, abuse and brazen illegality".
She added, "no one is above the law" - including the NRA.
At the same time, the attorney general for Washington DC, filed a suit against the NRA and its foundation, alleging the misuse of charitable funds and wasteful spending.
The confrontation pits Ms James, a Democrat, against the largest and most powerful gun organisation in the United States, one that is closely aligned with President Donald Trump's Republican Party.
The NRA branded the lawsuit a "baseless, premeditated attack" and a "power grab" tied to the 3 November US election.
NRA President Carolyn Meadows said in a statement: "We not only will not shrink from this fight, we will confront it and prevail."
Mr Trump swiftly branded the lawsuit "a very terrible thing," suggesting to reporters the group ought to register in the much more gun-friendly state of Texas or in "another state of their choosing."
Briefing reporters, Ms James denied the suit was motivated by the NRA's support for Mr Trump.
But her written statement said the NRA's power had gone unchecked for decades, "which is why,today, we seek to dissolve the NRA."
The NRA has also come under fire from gun control groups such as Everytown for Gun Safety and Moms Demand Action, which are funded by billionaire and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg.
"We have been warning regulators and the public about this corruption for years," Everytown said on Twitter.
Moms Demand Action sarcastically offered that "our thoughts and prayers are with Wayne LaPierre and his cronies at the NRA," mocking the common refrain used following mass shootings.
The action is certain to further polarise a country where the NRA is revered by conservatives as a champion of the US Constitutional right to keep and bear arms and vilified by liberals as an enabler of rampant gun violence.
"The NRA's influence has been so powerful that the organisation went unchecked for decades while top executives funneled millions into their own pockets," Ms James said in a statement. "The NRA is fraught with fraud and abuse, which is why, today, we seek to dissolve the NRA, because no organisation is above the law."
The suit charges the NRA with awarding contracts to close associates and family and "no-show contracts" to former employees in order to buy their silence.
The NRA, which teaches gun safety in addition to advocating laws making it easier for Americans to own guns and ammunition, is subject to New York law because it is registered as a non-profit organisation in New York, where it conducts most of its financial transactions.
New York state and the NRA have tangled before. The state has taken legal action against NRA-branded insurance policies sold to gun owners, and the NRA is suing the state for closing gun stores under an executive order to halt the spread of Covid-19.
The latest lawsuit names the NRA as a whole and four senior executives of the group including Wayne La Pierre, the executive vice-president who has been atop the leadership for decades.
It also names former Treasurer and Chief Financial Officer Wilson Phillips, former Chief of Staff and Executive Director of General Operations Joshua Powell, and Corporate Secretary and General Counsel John Frazer.
The suit charges the NRA with "awarding contracts to the financial gain of close associates and family, and appearing to dole out lucrative no-show contracts to former employees in order to buy their silence and continued loyalty," Ms James's office said in a statement.
"The failure of the NRA to comply with multiple fiduciary responsibilities and state and federal laws resulted in the NRA seeing substantial losses on its balance sheet: going from a surplus of $27,802,714 in 2015 to a net deficit of $36,276,779 in 2018 - contributing to a total loss of more than $64 million in just three years," the statement said.
In addition to attempting to close down a group that has existed since 1871, Ms James seeks to recover millions of dollars in lost assets and to stop the four executives from serving on the board of any other not-for-profit group in the state.