The amount of cocaine seized by authorities in Europe doubled in 2017 to reach a record 140 tonnes in a strong indication of soaring mass supply of the drug coming from Latin America, the Lisbon-based EU drugs agency said.
Cocaine has made a dramatic comeback in Europe since the financial crisis when its high price dented consumption. Growing production supply, more smuggling gangs and higher incomes are now fuelling a revival.
The EMCDDA (European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction) agency said in its yearly report on the European drug situation that cocaine seizures jumped in 2017 - the last year with available data - from 71 tonnes a year earlier. The previous peak was reached in 2006 with 120 tonnes seized.
Recent evidence suggests that cocaine use is rising in the United Kingdom, France and the Netherlands, the report said. An estimated 2.6 million people aged between 15 and 34 used cocaine in 2017 in all of the EU.
The surge in supply of cocaine in Europe left the price of the drug stable, but its purity was the highest in a decade.
"Cocaine enters Europe through numerous routes and means, but the growth in large-volume trafficking, using maritime shipping containers, stands out as a major challenge," said the report.
The highest seizures were in Belgium with 45 tonnes, where smugglers ship cocaine through Antwerp, one of Europe's biggest ports. Spain was second with 41 tonnes, followed by France and the Netherlands.
The report noted the use of social media and the internet in supplying cocaine.
"There is evidence that the use of social media, darknet marketplaces and encryption techniques are playing an increasing role in enabling smaller groups and individuals to engage in drug dealing," it said.
There are also more signs that cocaine use is causing more health problems, with a 37% rise in people in the European Union needing medical treatment between 2014 and 2017, the report said.
A total of 73,000 people a year needed specialised treatments for cocaine, of which 11,000 were for crack cocaine, it said.