The European Commission last week authorised Pfizer-BioNTech's Covid-19 vaccine for use in children as young as 12, paving the way for a broader roll-out in the European Union after similar clearances in the United States and Canada.
However, vaccinating adolescents in affluent countries while many parts of the world await doses for older and more vulnerable people has raised concerns, with the World Health Organisation urging rich countries to give shots to the COVAX scheme instead.
The following is a list of some countries which have approved or are considering vaccinating children:
- France will start vaccinating teenagers from age 12 with the Pfizer's vaccine on 15 June, the government said on 2 June as it looks to avoid schools closures in September.
- Germany plans to offer a first shot to children aged 12-16 from 7 June, while Poland would offer shots to those aged 12-15 the same day.
- Lithuania's prime minister said the country could start vaccinating children from age 12 in June, news site Delfi reported.
- Italy on 31 May approved extending the use of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to 12-15 year olds.
- Estonia could start vaccinating teenagers by the autumn, public broadcaster ERR reported, citing the head of the government's Covid-19 council.
- Austria aims to have over 340,000 children aged 12-15 vaccinated by the end of August, according to news site Vindobona.
- Hungary started vaccinating 16-18-year-olds in mid-May, according to Xinhua news agency.
- Pfizer said in mid-May it was seeking British approval to use its vaccine for 12-15-year-olds.
- Norway may consider the Pfizer vaccine for children who have a high risk of becoming seriously ill with Covid-19, VG newspaper reported.
- Switzerland's health watchdog said in early May that Pfizer had sought approval for its shot in children aged 12-15.
- San Marino on 1 June opened vaccinations for children aged 12-15, reported San Marino RTV, citing its Institute for Social Security.
- Israel has given the green light to vaccinate 12- to 15-year-olds and is set to begin next week, its pandemic-response coordinator said.
- Dubai said on 1 June it had started offering the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine to 12-15-year-olds, after the United Arab Emirates approved the shot for emergency use for the same age group in mid-May.
- Singapore opened up its vaccination programme to adolescents aged 12-18 from 1 June.
- Japan on 28 May approved the use of Pfizer's vaccine for those aged 12 and above.
- The Philippines on 26 May decided to allow the Pfizer-BioNTech's vaccine for emergency use in children aged 12-15.
- Hong Kong will open its Covid-19 vaccine scheme to children over the age of 12, the government said.
- Chile on 31 May approved use of Pfizer-BioNTech's vaccine for 12-16-year-olds.
- US states began inoculate young adolescents in mid-May after its Centers for Disease Control and Prevention approved Pfizer's shot for those aged 12-15.
- Canada in early May approved use of Pfizer's vaccine for use in children aged 12-15.