German annual inflation slowed sharply in December, new figures show today.
It slipped below the European Central Bank's target level just as it ended a crisis-fighting bond purchase scheme after four years and as global markets slumped.
German consumer prices, harmonised to make them comparable with inflation data from other European Union countries, rose by 1.7% year-on-year after an increase of 2.2% in the previous month, the Federal Statistics Office said today.
A Reuters poll had suggested the annual harmonised consumer price inflation (HICP) rate would slow to 1.9%.
On the month, HICP rose by 0.3% in Germany, Europe's largest economy, compared with the forecast for a 0.4% increase.
The ECB targets inflation of close to but below 2% for the euro zone as a whole.
December's weaker German annual inflation rate was marked by a pronounced slowdown in gains to energy prices, which are notoriously volatile.
The ECB says it looks through changes in the inflation rate if it does not believe they affect the medium-term outlook for price stability.
Data released earlier today showed Spanish EU-harmonised consumer prices rose by 1.2% year-on-year in December, compared with a consensus forecast of 1.6% and a previous reading of 1.7%.
In a precarious balancing act, the ECB earlier this month formally ended its €2.6 trillion bond-buying scheme but promised to keep feeding stimulus for years into an economy struggling with an unexpected slowdown and political turmoil.
The ECB said yesterday the global economy is set to slow down in 2019 and stabilise thereafter, but it still expected prices to rise.
The ECB's problem is that growth is weaker than expected even just weeks ago, while the outlook is clouded by the threat of a global trade war, the prospect of a hard Brexit and Italy's budget standoff with the European Commission.
But its bond purchase scheme - dubbed 'quantitative easing' - had run its course and any extension would have hit the ECB's credibility after it flagged the programme's end back in June.
The ECB promised this month to keep interest rates at record lows at least until next summer and its president, Mario Draghi, made no attempt to change market expectations that a first post-crisis rate rise will come only in early 2020.