Europe's regulators are competing to hire risk specialists to prepare for an influx of banks reacting to Brexit, nudging up salaries and stretching staff budgets. 

Wall Street giants Goldman Sachs, Citigroup and Morgan Stanley, which have big operations in London, intend to expand in the European Union after Britain's departure from the bloc. 

Germany's financial regulator, Bafin, and the Irish and French central banks intend to hire dozens of new recruits in the coming year, according to officials. 

The European Central Bank, which has overall responsibility for supervising banks, is also seeking new staff. 

But filling such positions is difficult, partly because risk specialists are in hot demand and budgets of public institutions are limited. 

The Central Bank here said late last year it had set a target of boosting staff numbers this year by almost 10%, or 170 people, in part to cope with Brexit. 

By May, the numbers were broadly unchanged at about 1,600 employees. A Central Bank spokeswoman declined to say why it had not hired more staff. 

But Governor Philip Lane spoke of the challenge of hiring in a newspaper interview in July. 

"Any regulator in a major financial centre, I'm sure the Bank of England or the New York Fed have similar challenges, there is always going to be the issue of how to compete with the other opportunities," he said. 

The majority of its employees earn between €25,000-75,000. Starting salaries for risk managers at an investment bank are around $52,600. 

The Central Bank recently approved the creation of 26 new posts to deal with the "increased workload post the Brexit referendum".

With the clock ticking to Britain's EU departure by April 2019, banks are already beginning to migrate from London. 

The shift will give Europe's regulators a greater say over global finance after Brexit even though they are still dealing with the regulatory fallout from the last financial crash. 

Regulators in Paris wants to hire 50 additional people, while Germany's Bafin is examining new staff as part of budget negotiations for 2018 now taking place, people familiar with the matter said. 

But like Dublin, they may find that their hiring pot is not big enough. 

A survey of risk experts by recruiter Barclay Simpson found that salaries for European market risk specialists at an investment bank began at £40,000 for graduates and climbed above £400,000 for top managers. 

By comparison, Daniele Nouy, the ECB's top regulator, earned just €278,000 last year. 

The typical candidate for a risk management job would have a degree in maths or physics to help spot the risk of, for example, a mortgage default, one headhunter said. 

They might also have experience of working in a retail bank.

The ECB, which has an annual budget for policing banks of more than €400m, may be one of the few institutions able to keep pace. 

It is seeking to hire contractor risk specialists at daily rates of €1,000 - plus expenses, people familiar with the programme said. A spokeswoman for the ECB declined to comment. 

For others, such as Germany's Bafin, where salaries range between €35,000 and 80,000, the hope is that the appeal of a secure job in a predictable civil service will appeal. 

"It's international," said one employee. "The work is interesting. And unlike the private sector, people here work 41 hours a week."