Britain's government has set out its agenda in a Queen's Speech, reaffirming its commitment to leaving the European Union on 31 October and boosting spending on police, education and health before a widely expected election.
The speech, read by Queen Elizabeth, is the highlight of a day of elaborate pageantry in Westminster and is used to detail all the bills the government wants to enact in the coming year.
It is written for the 93-year old monarch by the government.
With a snap poll on the horizon, many of the policy proposals are unlikely to be passed by parliament, but they do offer a glimpse of what issues will shape the governing Conservative Party election strategy.
Queen Elizabeth II delivers the Queen's Speech at the State Opening of Parliament in the House of Lords at the Palace of Westminster in London pic.twitter.com/XpcWGoy8F4— PA Media (@PA) October 14, 2019
Following are some of the main policy statements by Prime Minister Boris Johnson:
The government again set out that it intends to lead Britain out of the EU on 31 October, adding it remains "committed to securing a deal with the EU and negotiating an ambitious future relationship, based on free trade and friendly co-operation".
The government reiterated its commitment to removing the backstop and implementing a new protocol to ensure no return to a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic.
It offered little detail on its plans, which are now subject of intensive negotiations in Brussels. EU diplomats say a full agreement is unlikely this week, indicating that the bloc wants more concessions from Mr Johnson.
The government set out its proposals for immigration, including bringing "an end to free movement in UK law, to ensure that the government can deliver a new points-based immigration system from 2021".
It also says EU citizens arriving after January 2021 will be subject to the same UK immigration controls as non-EU citizens, "to enable the government to deliver a single global immigration system based on people's skills".
The new points-based immigration system will be based on people's skills and contributions to the UK.
For the first time, environmental principles will be enshrined in British law.
Legislation will also create new legally-binding environmental improvement targets.
A new independent regulator will be established in statute to scrutinise environmental policy and law, investigate complaints and take enforcement action.
The government plans to introduce charges for specified single-use plastic items.
Law and order
The government said it was committed to addressing violentcrime and to strengthening public confidence in the criminaljustice system.
The proposals are aimed at ensuring the most serious violentand sexual offenders spend more time in prison to match theseverity of their crimes.
They also want to tackle repeat and prolific offenders through robust community orders.
National Health Service (NHS)
The government committed to a NHS multi-year funding settlement that will see a £33.9bn per annum increase in the NHS budget by 2023-24.
The government said was committed to supporting the NHS long-term plan. It promised to bring forward detailed proposals shortly.
The government will bring forward a National Infrastructure Strategy later in the autumn to set out a long-term vision to improve the nation's digital, transport and energyinfrastructure.
The strategy will be aimed at helping to close the productivity gap between London and other parts of the country.
It will also be aimed at addressing the critical challenges posed by climate change and build on the UK's world-leading commitment to achieving net zero emissions by 2050.
The government plans legislation to bolster Britain's roleas an international financial centre after Brexit by "enhancing"the sector's competitiveness, but without eroding "world-leadingregulatory standards".
Specific aims would include making it simpler for foreign investment funds to be sold in Britain, a commitment to applying bank capital rules agreed globally to date, and ensuring that financial firms in Gibraltar have long-term access to Britain'smarket.
The government plans to toughen its powers to block or intervene in the foreign purchase of any company in any sector that could affect national security.
Until now Britain has been able to intervene in the foreign takeover of any company above a certain size that played a role in national security, the provision of media plurality or the stability of the financial system.
Meanwhile, Chancellor of the Exchequer Sajid Javid has announced that the British government is planning a first post-Brexit budget for 6 November, one week after it expects the country to have left the EU.
"This will be the first budget after leaving the EU," Mr Javid said in a statement.
"I will be setting out our plan to shape the economy for the future and triggering the start of our infrastructure revolution. This is the right and responsible thing to do - we must get on with governing," he added.
Britain and the EU are currently locked in last-ditch talks to secure a divorce deal ahead of a crunch two-day summit for European leaders in Brussels starting on Thursday.