There has been strong criticism of the Government's Climate Action Bill, with opposition politicians condemning its approach to Just Transition.
Joan Collins, Independents 4 Change TD, called on Minister for the Environment Eamon Ryan to include "a stronger Just Transition", and said the bill "is way short of what is required" to deliver climate justice.
She said "strong income supports and retraining" are needed to ensure communities buy into climate goals.
The Just Transition, which is part of the Paris Climate Agreement, compels governments to assist in creating "decent work and quality jobs" for those impacted by the transition to low-carbon economies.
Ruairí Ó Murchú of Sinn Féin said many people "who can least afford it" associate measures on climate change with cost, and see those measures as "just an imposition" that "makes them poor".
This includes farmers who are "incredibly apprehensive" he said, emphasising that there is "an absolute need to deal with those stakeholders".
"We need to ensure that we bring as many people along the road as possible", Deputy Ó Murchú said.
He urged the Government to consider the amendments Sinn Féin has tabled, one of which addresses Just Transition.
Labour's Sean Sherlock recalled that Minister Eamon Ryan had been strongly in favour of Just Transition before he became Environment Minister, and criticised the lack of a clear reference to it in the bill.
"I cannot understand why the Minister has taken such a stern line on this particular issue", he said, noting that the Green Party had tabled "a Just Transition bill" when they were in opposition.
Independent TD Michael Fitzmaurice said Minister Ryan oversaw "a department in chaos", with no prospect of change as "there's no one to crack the whip".
"By 2026 we're going to run out of power", he predicted.
Fine Gael's Richard Bruton said "we need to do more and this bill enshrines doing more", and characterised the debate as "disheartening".
He said the amendments were clearly unrealistic, such as calling for "maintaining social consensus".
"We had 14 hours in committee stage", he said, adding that none of the deputies raising the issues now had participated.
"Take back that now", Micheal Healy Rae shouted.
There were heated scenes in the Dáil this evening as the Government's Climate Action Bill was discussed, with members of the Rural Independent group and former environment minister Richard Bruton engaging in a shouting match | Read more: https://t.co/Z7QKOJcO7H pic.twitter.com/mLFdUHfUgp— RTÉ News (@rtenews) June 16, 2021
Several rural deputies started shouting at the Cathaoirleach, accusing Richard Bruton of "unbelievable arrogance" and demanding that he "wake up" and withdraw his remarks.
"This isn't a cattle mart for people to stand up and shout", the Cathaoirleach insisted, rising to his feet. "We need some forebearance here".
Mattie McGrath, "as leader of the [Rural Independent] group", appealed for Deputy Bruton to withdraw his remarks, and said three of his TDs had attended the committee hearings and dealt with all their amendments.
Deputy Bruton said that many of those now present "did not turn up" at the committee when the issues could have been considered "line by line", but said he had "no problem" in acknowledging that Denis Naughten and Michael Healy Rae did attend.
Independent TD Sean Canney was one of several deputies to address the issue of biogenic methane, and said a separate target for it should be set, which is included in an amendment his is tabling.
Denis Naughten, also an Independent TD, said he understands the frustration of successive governments and that this legislation is needed.
He has argued in favour of several amendments he tabled, and agreed that a separate target for agricultural methane was needed.
He said he does not think they will "get a buy in from the public" and so the Bill cannot succeed.
He asked the minister to carefully consider the two amendments he has tabled for the Regional Group, one supporting Just Transition.
Deputy Naughten said he would also bring forward "an amending piece of legislation" in the autumn, and would not oppose progress of the bill tonight.