A new system of motor taxation could be introduced that will link the amount people pay to actual emissions created by individual cars and individual driving behaviours.
Minister for Communication, Climate Action and Environment Denis Naughton said he will urge OECD environment ministers to spearhead a challenge to enable agencies such as the NCT service to access computer chips in cars on which such data is stored.
The OECD Environment Policy Committee in Paris is meeting today where Mr Naughten will be addressing the issue of road pollution from transport.
He said that Ireland, like many EU countries, faces particular challenges around nitrous oxide emissions and other pollutants from the transport sector.
There is a need for more robust implementation and enforcement of vehicle emission regulations, he added.
Modern cars, he said, all have a computer chip collecting individual emissions data and he wants his OECD colleagues to support him in his efforts to enable the NCT and other agencies to access that data.
He acknowledged that there is a technological challenge in relation to using the data collected in cars but said he wants the OECD's help in relation to that.
He said that if people are sensible about how they drive, how they maintain their cars and if they get regular services, then that will result in lower emissions and it should be reflected in the level of motor tax each individual would have to pay.
Mr Naughten also said he believes fully electric cars should be allowed to use the bus lanes.