The leader of Greece's far-right Golden Dawn party has been sent to jail pending trial on charges of belonging to a criminal group.

It is the first such action against an elected party chief in decades.

Nikolaos Mihaloliakos appeared before investigating magistrates and a prosecutor during a six-hour plea session to respond to charges of founding and participating in a criminal organisation.

Her has denied the charges against him.

Mr Mihaloliakos was arrested on Saturday with other party members as part of the government's efforts to rein in a party it says is a neo-Nazi criminal gang.

The party rejects the neo-Nazi label.

"Long live Greece, victory," Mr Mihaloliakos said as he left the court.

His wife and daughter, joined by other Golden Dawn politicians, waited outside the court during a rainy night for the outcome of the hearing. "You are a diamond, don't buckle," she told him.

Earlier, as Mr Mihaloliakos was brought to court by police, about 200 party supporters carrying Greek flags shouted, "Blood, honour, Golden Dawn."

Another party member was also detained pending trial after responding to the same charges, a court official said.

Yesterday, three senior Golden Dawn politicians were freed pending trial on the same charges in an unexpected setback to the government's efforts to clamp down on the party.

The decision to free the three men after an 18-hour court session raised questions about the state's case against Golden Dawn after one of its sympathisers stabbed to death an anti-fascism rapper.

Party spokesman Ilias Kasidiaris and fellow members Ilias Panagiotaros and Nikos Michos left the court to cheers of "Bravo" from supporters.

They kicked and shoved journalists out of the way before hailing a taxi.

Golden Dawn rose from being a fringe party to win 18 seats in parliament in last year's election.

It has drawn on anger over the debt crisis, budget cuts, high unemployment and corruption to become what opinion polls indicate is Greece's third most popular party.

But the latest polls show it has lost about a third of its support since the killing.

Another senior Golden Dawn politician, Christos Pappas, will face the magistrates later today to respond to the charges.