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What to do when a child is injured

What to do when a child is injured on the football pitch, back garden (e.g. bouncy castle) or school yard.

1. Head injury: minor or needing hospital. How to recognise, keep an eye and when to call for help or attend the hospital.
2. Minor scrapes and bumps: same
3. Limb injuries: same
4. Neck injuries: same
5. Eye and tooth.

I would like to say that every parent should ideally keep a tiny first aid kit in their handbag or duffel coat,

i.e. Nappy sac with 2 Kleenex tissues, 2 band-aids and 2 age-appropriate doses of pain-killer (Paracetamol or Ibuprofen):
The sac can be used to store the above, as well as a sick bag, a disposal bag for bloodied tissues or to contain ice to apply on a sore bump or to transport an "avulsed" tooth to the dentist etc etc.

Simple, cheap and very effective.

And you can add:

Bottles of water: especially when travelling to football or other sporting activities. Basic for all first aid.
Tea towel: can be used as a triangular sling, or to splint a broken ankle / shin or as padding for an injured neck.
Blankets etc: the casualty must be kept warm if they are to be kept on the ground etc while waiting for an ambulance etc.
The patient's usual medication: the biggest "medical" (non-injury) problem you encounter as a first aider tends to be a "flare" of the patient's usual illness (e.g. asthma, migraine or diabetes) and it is vital that they / their parents bring this medication to the game (especially away games).

If you want to recommend other stuff,

Assorted adhesive dressings (plasters)
Sterile "eye pads"
Medium sterile wound dressings
Large sterile wound dressings
Short life triangular bandages
Disposable gloves
Antiseptic wipes


Below are the key elements of first aid:
Let there be no panic. Etc.


The paramedics / doctors will need to know the "AMPLE" bit. This is a crucial "mnemonic" or list of items that medics need to know ASAP.


"AVPU" is a simple way of describing a casualty's level of consciousness that everyone understands.
And in fact every patient attending the doctor or hospital really needs to bring that information (always bring a list of your medication or the meds themselves!).

"Sniffing the morning air" is how we describe the potentially life-saving "positioning" of the casualty.

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