Vet Clinic with Liam Moriarty
Thursday, 21 January 2010
Toilet Training: If puppies are not toilet trained early on, people can go out of the house, and when they come back, the house is wrecked so it is important to start toilet training asap. Bring the puppy outside door to go to the bathroom, praise and reward then, and ignore bad behaviour. If you catch them in the act in the house, give out to them. But if they've already done it (left their message), it's too late. Don't give out to them if you walk into the kitchen and you see his "message" and he come bounding up to you, licking you, it's too late to scold him then as he won't understand why.
Reward: Train him to come reliably when he's called. Reward them: a high pitched voice, play with them, a pet.
Punish: A sharp noise will stop them, they'll get used to the sharp tone. If you don't catch him chewing your Jimmy Choo shoes you will have to let him off. If you catch him in the act scold.
Sleeping: Get a crate (€60-90 - argos, and pet shops) for the puppy to sleep in (about 2.5feet high, 4 feet long). (will take one minute to explain this.) Use the crate to keep him in, locked in overnight to sleep. His instinct is to go outside to the toilet so he won't go in the crate. The let the puppy out into a secure back-garden or bring for a walk or out with you. Puppies sleep a lot - 12-14hours a day for the first 2/3 months.
Status: Dogs see themselves as being a member of the pack - the family collective. You should get a puppy on its own, not with another puppy. If you want a second puppy get him 6 months later. It's very difficult to train both at once, to lead walk separately etc. Dogs have a sense of status, need to know their place and they will behave well.
Who is top dog? Treat them preferentially. Greet, pet, feed the boss dog first, put them on a lead first etc. They accept their social place, they'll only get aggressive if the status is challenged/threatened,
Outdoors: Can leave them in the garden if secure. If not secure though he could get out or stolen - but it's more interesting for them to be outdoors a bird might fly over etc. If he starts whining, barking and scratching the back door to be let in, it is better to ignore them, until they stop. Dogs are very quick to learn. Leave them in the crate until they stop barking, then let them in so they know when they stop barking etc they are rewarded.
Vaccination: They can get diseases - worms, parvo virus *(diarrohea) unless vaccinated. So get them vaccinate first 10-12 weeks of age. Then can bring them out, carry them around - socialization is key - other dogs and people (kids or older people), traffic, all very good for them. They can be frightened of Up until 16-20 weeks of age. Otherwise they can be nervous of kids or whatever, can cause aggression if see another dog or a child. A lot of aggression prompts can be caused by nerves. The first few months some people keep them in doors, wrong thing to do
Play-biting - may not bite as such, just mouthing. But stop them if they mouth at all "ah ah!" the game stops. The more excited they are they could bite.
These tips will prevent puppies becoming strays.
If a dog gets lost, an older dog will probably find his way home. If he's un-neutered and smells a bitch in season up to 2 miles away, he can wander on, and then he might find it hard to get home. Micro-chipping - same cost for dogs as cats.
A dog should be walked twice a day. They are very time consuming. They can get bored and become troublesome. Some breeds are easier - A husky is bred to bring a sled across snow everyday. He should not live in an apartment all day. A greyhound can laze around the house all day - not a huge amount of exercize.
Main issues, toilet training, scratching, jumping up on tables/ counters...
Toilet training cats is easy - almost all the time kittens will use a litter tray without any training... however some pointers:
1. When a kitten is new keep them confined to a smaller area so they don't get caught short too far from their litter tray.
2. Feed them at regular intervals
3. Make sure that they have clean litter tray - if it's not clean they may seek an alternate place to go.
4. make sure there are no potted plants around - potted plants make a nice substitute for a litter tray!
Scratching: Provide a scratching post for them, pick them up if they are tearing at you or furniture and redirect them to a scratching post. If they are going to be an outdoor cat, they will instinctively go to the post. They sleep during the day and go out at night. You can try to get their body clock go whatever way you want, but their natural instinct is for them to hunt at night.
In the USA people declaw their cats, here it is considered unethical and vets will not do this.
Feeding: Can over-feed them. Most cats are circumspect about what they eat. So it's not that they're not eating enough and there's a push from ads to get them to weat more luxurious, may just encourage them overeat. If they're outdoor cats they may eat more. Need activities, play with them, toys, get toy fishing rods for the cat with a fluffy toy on the end to teach them to mimic hunting, keeps them entertained. Iof they're bored that's when you'll get behavioral problems. More scratching or urinating on furniture, better if have been outdoors.
Risks: Cars, fighting with other cats. Can't really do anything about that, try steer away from a road. Better to have outdoor activity than not. Hopefully they won't go missing, a cat can get 2 owners, and so get fed twice so beware of over-feeding.
Good for them to have a collar, has to release quickly if gets caught in a branch.
Also need to neuter the cat, (done under a general anesthetic so no pain, costs approx €100), and vaccinate, (lots of different ones, different costs) and microchip him. €45-60 cost to microchip.
Trying to re-home her www.myvet.ie
Cats Scratching Post - Baumanns Hardware -
Stillorgan, 01 288 1637