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Back to Basics with Gerry Hynes - Hair Care

Tuesday, 30 January 2007


Were doing a bit of damage control today with Trichologist Gerry Hyne, He's showing us how to turn our split ends into luscious locks in no time!

What is trichology?
If you have a problem with your hair or scalp the specialist to see is a trichologist in the same way you would see a dermatologist for a skin problem. They can treat hair loss, baldness, scaling of the scalp, itching, hair breakage, dryness and oiliness amongst other things.

What does a tricologist do?
Trichology is the study of the hair and scalp when healthy or otherwise and all conditions illness that may affect them. As a Trichologist Gerry works in three broad fields. All aspects of Education with the Rynhart Hair Design Group, running three satellite Trichology clinics in Gorey, Ferns and Dublin. At present working with the I.H.F. and FAS technical committee developing the hairdressing apprenticeship.

What is hair; is it dead skin?
Very simply hair is made of Keratin a type of protein. The skin and the hair are both keratin however the skin is termed soft keratin whereas the hair is hard keratin . the main difference between the two would be the sulphur content.

Should you wash your hair every day?
It is a myth that you should not wash your hair every day. It is perfectly fine to wash your hair everyday just as long as you are using the correct products in your hair. Sure you wash your face every day to get rid of the dirt, so why don't you wash the dirt from you hair?

How should we wash our hair? What does shampoo do and what does conditioner do?
Shampooing your hair should be a specific ritual.  The pace of life today often means it is rushed yet to shampoo your hair correctly will only take 1 minute longer than the wrong way!!! There are five steps:
Step 1: using a wide tooth comb gently comb out any tangles from the ends up. Remember start with tangles finish with even more tangles.
Step 2: wet your hair thoroughly, whilst wetting your hair run your fingers through it to ensure that the hair is saturated. The wetter your hair the less shampoo you have to use.
Step 3: apply a small amount of shampoo to the palms of your hands and rub them together, then keeping your hands flat gently smooth the shampoo over your hair from front to back. When you have done this use the tips of your fingers and again gently kneed your scalp starting at the front working down the sides. Spend approx 30 seconds at each section when you reach the back run your fingers through your hair to ensure there are no tangles.
Step 4 : rinse your hair thoroughly, when you think you have rinsed it enough then rinse it once more. Any residue of shampoo can dull the hair and make it limp or greasy to the touch.

If you are conditioning the hair you must gently blot/pat the hair dry to remove excess water then apply a small amount of conditioner to the palms of your hand, rub your hands together and only apply the conditioner to the mid-lengths and ends. Do not apply conditioner to the scalp..its not needed. Leave for a minute or two then rinse thoroughly, again it is important that you rinse thoroughly as any conditioner left in the hair will make it difficult to style and also dull.

Why do some people have dry hair and others have greasy hair?
There are so many reasons for dry hair or greasy hair. the hormonal changes around puberty can often lead to greasy hair and skin. this resolves it self in most cases. Diet and lifestyle can also effect the greasiness or otherwise of your hair. Dry hair can be from external factors such as chemical treatments, over drying, electrical styling aids, environmental factors, poor diet, illness etc

How do you get greasy hair, is it genetic, your diet, touching your hair too much, over use of conditioner and wrong products?
Touching your hair won't make it greasy. A gland called the sebaceous gland produces sebum and this is excreted onto the scalp. If there is an excess of sebum produced it will be more noticeable on the scalp and seen as greasy. Many sugar related foods .. Including alcohol and highly spiced and salted foods will play a part in the increased production of sebum.the use of incorrect products will not make the body produce more oils but it can make your hair look and feel greasy, dull limp and dank.

What products would you recommend for greasy hair?

Clarifiant Shampoo - €17.60 - Hair Gallery in Gorey and many other Kerastase Salons
High Street
Sunsilk Fresh for Longer Shampoo - € 3.40 - Widely Available
Home Remedy
Acidic Rinse - Lemon mixed with a quart of good water such as distilled water, makes a great rinse. It is best to use the juice of two lemons and this can really help to reduce the oil on your scalp.
Baby Powder - If you are in a bit of a rush but your hair looks really dull and oily, you can always sprinkle a little baby powder into it, leave it to stand for around five minutes, and then simply comb it through. This should soak up any excess oil in the scalp.

How does dry hair occur, is it sun damage, too much hair dye, heat damage from straightners, curlers, perms or once again wrong products?
There are very many ways you can dry out your hair. You need to understand the simple structure of a single hair to understand that many of the treatments we do can help in drying it out. Protein is often recommended for dry hair, it is the loss of moisture that causes the dry brittle effect so moisturising shampoos/conditioners are far more important that anything else.
What products would you recommend for dry hair?

Redken Shampoo - €14.30 - Peter Mark
Redken Conditioner - €16.30 - Peter Mark
High street
Aussie Miracle Moist Shampoo - €4.85 - Boots
Aussie Miracle Moist Conditioner - €6.20 - Boots
Home remedy
Avocado & Yogurt Mix
2 eggs
2oz plain yoghurt,
1/2 Castor oil,
1 oz witch hazel,
1 oz purified water,
1/2 ripe avocado
Run ingredients through the blender, refrigerate over night and use as required as a pre-shampoo conditioner.
Leave on for 20 minutes then rinse and shampoo as normal.

If you have dry hair can you develop greasy hair from over conditioning it, and visa versa?
The incorrect use if product or the use of the wrong product will affect the shine and gloss associated with healthy hair. This will not make it greasier but will affect the cosmetic effect.
The correct products and maintenance regime will allow you have soft shiny healthy looking hair. The description of normal hair is misleading and invented by marketing people as to each of us our normal hair type may not be what we want!!!

What is the correct brush to use to protect your hair? Can you bring in a good one and a bad one? 
Styling techniques and the variety of equipment available is infinite. Never use metal pronged brushes. Any brush with an uncoated metal centre should be avoided and the use of professional strength hairdryers can be more damaging than those manufactured for the consumer. 1200 w is more than strong enough and the new ionic stream driers definitely benefit the condition of hair.

Your diet, does that make a difference with your hair condition?
Top five good foods to eat and top five foods to avoid?

Diet should be looked at under three headings Balance, Frequency and Quantity.
If there are insufficient nutrients coming into the body and passed by the blood stream to the papilla to nourish growing hair then the hair cannot be expected to grow strong and healthy. Think of food in colour and diversify in the foods you normally eat. there are fruits and vegetables out there that cover the colours of the rainbow that will give you many of the nutrients you need and you can have some fun doing it. Meat, fish, chicken, and dairy products are all essential eating. Iron deficiency is a main cause of diffuse hair loss in women eating red meat and green leaved vegetables or whole grain cereals will help and citrus fruits will aid in the absorption of the iron. Avoid black tea as the tannin often binds to the iron and inhibits absorption.