July 28 to August 5
Valentina Vezzali: In Beijing Vezzali became the first fencer in Olympic history to win individual foil gold at three consecutive Olympics - and this after being runner-up in Atlanta in 1996. The 38-year-old Italian, who married footballer Domenico Giugliano, also has two golds and one bronze in team competition, plus 13 world championship golds and nine more at European level.
Nedo Nadi: Until Mark Spitz won seven swimming golds in 1972, Italian Nadi held the record for the most gold medals won at a single Games. After taking foil gold at Stockholm in 1912 when just 18 he served in the Army and was decorated for bravery, then in Antwerp in 1920 he won five of the six events, missing out only in the individual epee. His brother Aldo shared in the team wins and also came second to him in the individual sabre.
United States: The superpower that is the United States went an amazing 100 years without a fencing gold until Mariel Zagunis won the women's individual sabre at the 2004 Athens Games. It had been 20 years since they had captured any medal in the sport. When Zagunis triumphed again in Beijing, however, she was part of an American clean sweep in the event and they finished fourth on the fencing medal table.
DID YOU KNOW?
Hungarian Aladar Gerevich is the only person to win the same Olympic event six times. Gerevich was a member of the gold medal sabre team in every Games from Los Angeles 1932 until Rome 1960. During that spell two Olympics were cancelled because of World War Two, so he might have won it eight times.
FIRST APPEARANCE AT THE GAMES