The History Show

    Sunday, 6pm

    The Irish and World War One

    This August will mark the centenary of the start of World War One. We will be commemorating this anniversary on The History Show with special programmes and short items telling the stories of Irish people who were involved in the war. We will also be examining what was happening here during these turbulent years.

    Do you have relatives who were involved in the First World War? We would like to hear their stories. Email: history@rte.ie

    The History Show Sunday 5 May 2013

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    The History Show

    On tonight's show, The History of Cannes, Historical Comic Books, National Famine Commemoration in Kilrush, The Last Hanged in Carlow, History Ireland 20th Birthday.

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    The History of Cannes

    The ultra-chic city of Cannes grew from being a poor fishing village to the playground for the rich and famous it is today.

    It’s is perhaps best known for its Film Festival which kicks off on the 15th of this month. Over the 10 day festival, billionaire actors, porn stars and art house directors will throw shapes and sell their wares on the coastline of this glamorous French city.

    Credit:   Lucien Adrion's depiction of Cannes

    The festival has its origins in the 1930s. It began properly in 1946, but of course, Cannes was around for a long time before then. Trinity College historian, Laura O’Brien and film lecturer Steven Benedict gave us a potted historyof the city and the festival.

    The 2013 Cannes Film Festival runs from the 15th to the 26th of May.

    A Potted History of the Cannes Film Festival

    • 1935 and 1936. The representatives of Western democracies attending the Mostra di Venezia were shocked by the influence of the fascist governments of Italy and Germany on the selection of films and the decisions of the jury. France, and particularly its Minister for Education and Fine Arts, Jean Zay, proposed the creation, in Cannes, of an international cinema event.

    • June 1939. Louis Lumière, inventor of the cinema, informed Georges Huisman, Director General for Fine Arts, that he was prepared to preside over the first International Film Festival, scheduled to take place in Cannes from 1 to 20 September. Its aim was “to encourage the development of all forms of cinematographic art and foster a spirit of collaboration between film-producing countries”. Painter Jean Gabriel Domergue, a Cannes resident, designed a poster that has become famous.

    • 1 September 1939. Everything was ready for the opening of the Cannes Festival in the salons of the Municipal Casino. The war, which broke out the following day, interrupted this first festival before it had even begun.

    • From 20 September to 5 October 1946. Films such as René Clément’s La Bataille du Rail, Jean Cocteau’s La Belle et la Bête, Charles Vidor’s Gilda or Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious, had top billing in this first Cannes Festival, defined by Jean Cocteau as “a living comet that has touched down for a few days on La Croisette”. He added: “The Festival is an apolitical no-man’s-land, a microcosm showing what the world could be if people could communicate directly with one another and speak the same language.”

    • 1948. The Festival did not take place because of budgetary problems.

    • 1949. Inauguration of the Festival Hall. The stars finally came to Cannes: Tyrone Power, Orson Welles, Norma Shearer, Errol Flynn and Edward G. Robinson were all there. André Bazin wrote: “Cannes seems to be the best of the official festivals.”

    Cannes Film Festival Books

    • 3 to 20 April 1951. The Cannes Festival took place in spring for the first time.

    • 1952. This year’s discoveries were Minelli’s An American in Paris, Orson Welles’ Othello and Kazan’s Viva Zapata.

    • 1953. A starlet by the name of Brigitte Bardot made her appearance on La Croisette

    • 1955. To crown the official selection, the Festival created the Palme d’Or. Until then, one or several ‘Grand Prix’ had been awarded, the prizes being paintings by Marquet, Humblot, Cavaillès or Klein... That year Elia Kazan’s East of Eden was booed by part of the audience in Cannes.

    • 1959. Official birth of the Film Market, which had been taking place unofficially in the cinemas of Rue d’Antibes.

    • 1960. The year of Federico Fellini’s controversial film La Dolce Vita.

    • 1962. ‘Critics’ Week’ was created at the instigation of the Association Française de la Critique du Cinéma and the Film Festival.

    • 1968. The Festival, which opened on 10 May with the screening of Gone with the Wind, was interrupted at noon on 19 May. The previous day Louis Malle, who had resigned from the jury, François Truffaut, Claude Berri, Jean-Gabriel Albicocco, Claude Lelouch, Roman Polanski and Jean-Luc Godard, burst into the main auditorium of the Palais to demand that the screening be halted. Jean-Luc Godard went so far as to hang himself from the curtain so as to carry the day.

    • 1971. The Festival celebrated its 25th anniversary. Charlie Chaplin was awarded the Légion d’Honneur.

    • 1975-77. Maurice Bessy created three official non-competitive sections: Les yeux fertiles, presenting films devoted to other arts, L’air du temps, privileging films dealing with contemporary issues, and Le passé composé, showing compilations on the cinema itself.

    • 1987. For its 40th anniversary the Festival presented a montage, Le cinéma dans les yeux, and published a book, Les années Cannes. Federico Fellini compared Cannes to “a natural harbour where a film had to berth.”

    • 1993. For the first time a woman received the Palme d’Or: Jane Campion for The Piano.

    • 1994. The Festival had a stage curtain made in homage to Federico Fellini.

    • 1997. The Cannes International Film Festival celebrated its 50th anniversary. The Palme des Palmes was awarded to Ingmar Bergman for his life’s work.

    • 2002. The powerful American Jewish Congress pressured Americans to stay away from the Festival because of increasing anti-Zionist sentiment in France stirred up by brutal repression of the Palestinians by the Israeli regime. There was also a special tribute to Bollywood, the world's largest film industry.

    • 2004. The 57th Cannes Film Festival created a worldwide stir by giving the highest award to Bush-bashing director Michael Moore for his documentary film Fahrenheit 9/11 and by declaring a 14-year-old Japanese boy, Yuuya Yagira, as the Best Actor.

    • 2012. Cannes goes from strength to strength and opened with Wes Anderson's new film Moonrise Kingdom. Celebrities included Brad Pitt, Robert Pattinson, Kristen Stewart, and Angelina Jolie.

    Three Interesting Cannes Tidbits

    • There has only been one time that the Palme d'Or, the top prize at Cannes, and the Oscar for Best Picture have gone to the same movie. In 1955, Marty, the slice-of-life drama starring Ernest Borgnine as a lonely butcher, scripted by Paddy Chayefsky, won both honours

    • No French film has won the top prize since 1987, when it went to Maurice Pialat's Under Satan's Sun, the story of a rural priest starring Gerard Depardieu

    • Although the 2004 festival, when Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11 took home the Palme d'Or, was seen as a highly political year for the festival, in 1968, a group of filmmakers, including Francois Truffaut and Jean-Luc Godard, took over the largest screening room on opening night and held the curtains closed, to show solidarity with the student protestors. Because of this act of protest and others, the festival was shut down that year

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    Historical Comic Books

    Historical comic books have been rising in popularity in recent years.

    The latest publication is Big Jim: Jim Larkin and the 1913 Lockout by Rory McConville and Paddy Lynch (O’Brien Press). Liam Geraghty took a behind the scenes look at this niche market in historical publishing.

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    National Famine Commemoration Kilrush

    The National Famine Commemoration is an annual day of observance which was established in 2008 to remember the Great Irish Famine. Each year, a weeklong programme of events is held in a place in Ireland that was particularly affected by the Great Hunger. This year, the venue is the town of Kilrush in southwest Clare. Lorcan Clancy spoke to Paddy Waldron of the Kilrush & District Historical Society about what happened in Kilrush during the famine years.

    The National Famine Commemoration in Kilrush runs throughout this week with among other things, walks, remembrance ceremonies, lectures and there’ll also be reconstructions of original soup kitchens. The events will culminate next Sunday with a National Famine Commemoration Ceremony which will be attended by President Michael D. Higgins.

    Link to the National Famine Commemoration Kilrush

    http://www.faminecommemoration2013.ie/

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    The Last Hanged in Carlow

    The name Lucinda Slye might not mean much to most people, but over the last two centuries, her story has weaved its way into the folklore of County Carlow. The ingredients are a dizzy cocktail of tainted romance, a secret love affair, and a murder. And Lucinda Sly’s name entered the history books when she became the last woman to be hanged in Carlow. Gabriel Fitzmaurice told her story to Rhona Tarrant.

    ‘Lucinda Sly, A Woman Hanged’ by Gabriel Fitzmaurice (Liberties Press) is the first translation of Maidhc Danin Ó Sé’s historical novel.

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    History Ireland 20th Birthday

    The year 1993 saw the beginning of the end of the Troubles in the North and the rise of the Celtic Tiger. And as we all know, there’s been a lot of water under the bridge since then.

    Another event that took place in that Spring was the launch of History Ireland magazine. The idea behind the magazine was to bring history out of the ivory tower. It covers topics from early history to modern times and to mark its 20th birthday, Myles was joined by editor, Tommy Graham.

    Celebrate History Ireland's 20th Birthday!

    ‘Too many histories . . .’? surveys of the past generation

    Royal College of Physicians, Kildare Street, Dublin 2 (in association with the Irish Association and Dept. of Foreign Affairs).

    Date: 16 May Time 7pm.

    Ireland’s leading historians discuss the major narrative histories of the past generation.

    Joe Lee (Ireland 1912–1985: Politics and Society, 1990), Éamon Phoenix (Northern Nationalism: Nationalist Politics, Partition and the Catholic Minority in Northern Ireland 1890–1949, 1994), Diarmaid Ferriter (The Transformation of Ireland 1900–2000, 2004), and Mary Cullen (Telling It Our Way: Essays in Gender History, 2013).

    Free admission but booking essential, email: bookings@historyireland.com or tel: 01-2933568

    http://www.historyireland.com/hedge-schools

    May Book Club

    The Outer Edge of Ulster by Hugh Dorian (Lilliput Press).

    Hugh Dorian’s recollections of life and death in mid-nineteenth-century north Donegal published by Lilliput Press.

    About The Show

    Bringing the past to life! Discover how our world was shaped as Myles Dungan and guests explore events ranging from medieval times to the recent past.

    We want to help explain ourselves to ourselves. We will search out fresh angles on familiar topics, seek out the unfamiliar and will not shy away from bizarre or controversial issues. Our ultimate goal is to make The History Show the primary port of call for those with an intense or even a modest interest in the subject. We want to entice the casual and the curious to join us in celebrating the past.

    Our aim is to create informative, reflective, stimulating and above all, entertaining radio.

    So do join us on Sundays from 6.05pm for The History Show with Myles Dungan on RTÉ Radio 1.

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