New research suggests birds use complex cognitive processes to decide what materials are best to build their nests. Derek and Richard follow up on the most photographed cows in Ireland, the Highland cattle in North County Dublin, one of which has just given birth to a pure white calf. And Mooney reporter Katriona McFadden revisits a stretch of land in County Mayo that's been dubbed the "edible landscape".
Malahide's Highland Cattle: An Update
Five adult Highland cattle have lived at Robswall in Malahide, Co. Dublin, for the last few months. These fearsome-looking shaggy long-horned beasts have become very popular with local people. Children are feeding them carrots, and the animals have now become tame. They are the most photographed cattle in Ireland!
Dr. Richard Collins with Peter Jones
The cattle are owned by father and son Peter and Paul Jones, and the field where the cattle are located is the property of Fingal County Council.
They are part of an experiment to see if cattle can reduce the grass cover in a field to such an extent that it suits brent geese, which like short swards.
Two of the cows gave birth recently; one of the calves is almost white, although it is not in fact an albino. This week Mooney Goes Wild was present to see the herd, now of seven animals, loaded onto a trailer for transport back to Wicklow. They will be away undergoing veterinary health checks after which they will return to Malahide. A bull will join them in due course. So we can expect more calves to join them!
This is the time of year when birds occupy much of our time on this programme. We have boxes strategically placed in locations throughout the country – and we’re watching closely as birds begin to nest and hopefully start laying their eggs.
Any day now we can expect to see Swifts beginning to arrive from Africa, and in UCC they’re running a project to attract these birds to nest in boxes they have attached to university buildings.
Swift Nest Monitor
Research has shown that a critical factor in getting Swifts to nest is the use of recorded birdsong. This mimics colonies of nesting birds which captures their interest and attracts them down to have a look and then – with a bit of luck – to nest.
Swift Nest Boxes
Jim Wilson went out to find out more from Professor John O'Halloran who is Head of Biology, Earth and Environmental Sciences at University College Cork...
Professor John O'Halloran
John O'Halloran's Swift Blog
Inspired by some photos taken by Derek Mooney in Azerbaijan of Swift nest boxes and the conservation status of this poorly known bird, we decided to erect nest boxes with webcams at The School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork (www.ucc.ie/en/bees).
Swift Building in Baku, Azerbaijan
The Common Swift Apus apus (or Swift) is a medium sized bird somewhat similar to the Swallow, but much larger, a faster flier and noisier! Soon they will arrive in Ireland and spend about three months in our cities and towns, screaming across the sky. It is one of my strongest childhood memories of spring, when swifts used to arrive in our primary school yard and nested under the eaves of my old primary school. I remember, as a young child, watching and listening to them as they screamed and flew into the school yard, having travelled thousands of miles from Africa, oblivious to the cacophony of children screaming in the yard. This experience in part inspired me in my career in ornithology and zoology; the fact that these birds spend their entire lives in the air, only dropping from the sky to nest in buildings in our cities and towns since ancient Roman times. Amazing!
These amazing birds will arrive in early May, some weeks after our Swallows and Martins and will depart early too in August, choosing to spend their short summer in Northern Europe. Their scientific Apus apus name comes from an ancient Greek word 'without feet'. These birds have legs so short they are almost invisible and never choosing to land except briefly to cling to buildings to build their nests. In fact, if they do land on the ground they are helpless and vulnerable to predation. Back in my primary school days, I recall finding a young Swift apparently having fallen from its nest (most likely premature fledging) being helpless and picking it up and making it airborne by casting it gently to the wind. Today many modern school yards are silent to the sound of the Swift as refurbished buildings have excluded them from nesting. Nest boxes can replace these lost nesting habitats.
At University College Cork, in collaboration with RTÉ’s Derek Mooney and Mooney Goes Wild, we have set up six swift nest boxes with web cams deployed (www.ucc.ie/en/bees/outreach/nestbox). We hope to attract these iconic birds to nest in these boxes in the coming days. To help attract them to the boxes we have been playing a recording of Swift calls for 24 hours, seven days a week for the last ten days. We hope that these recordings will attract the birds to nest in the boxes and by observing them using the nest cameras we will gain a deeper understanding of their biology and gain a glimpse of secret lives of these amazing birds.
New research suggests that birds can learn to choose the best building materials for their nests. It was previously thought that birds' choice of nest material was determined by their genes - with each type of bird having an "innate nest template".
A zebra finch
The research was carried out by Dr Ida Bailey and her colleagues in St Andrews University in Fife in Scotland, and Ida joins us this afternoon from St Andrews...
We had an interesting e-mail into the programme recently. Sam Crawford and his wife June live close to the Kildare/Carlow border and they have a passion for feeding the birds in their garden. But it’s not just a case of throwing out some bird seed. Sam takes it very seriously and makes his own bird cake, using wild bird seed and suet.
And therein lies Sam’s problem!
Was he providing TOO much fat for the birds and would this high fat intake affect them badly? We sent our reporter, Terry Flanagan, off to watch Sam prepare his bird cake and to offer whatever advice he could...
About a year ago, we had a listener on Mooney called Cathriona McCarthy. She was a contestant on Mooney's Monday Quiz and she happened to mention, in passing, that she was part of a long-term 'Edible Landscapes' project in Co Mayo.
The aim is to develop a 30-mile stretch of greenway, running from Westport to Achill, full of plants that are edible to humans and animals alike. Their vision is that anyone walking or cycling along the greenway could stop at any point and pick an apple or a pear or a strawberry.
Last year, we went down to meet the volunteers as they started the project, and we promised we would return to see their progress.
Volunteers working on the Edible Landscape project
Well, one year on, the Edible Landscapes people are still working away on trying to plant 30 miles of food . But they've become sidetracked a bit with a fascinating mission to save their Heritage Apple Trees.
They realised that there were many beautiful apple trees in their region that were in danger of dying out! So they decided to bring together the people of Westport, to teach them how to graft these apple trees and save them for future generations. Mooney reporter Katriona McFadden went along to one of the grafting workshops.
National Dawn Chorus Day will take part on Sunday, May 18th 2014. If you are part of a group who will be taking part in a Dawn Chorus event in your local area, and want to register your event with us, please send full details - name, contact number, what will be happening and where, to firstname.lastname@example.org, with the subject line 'Dawn Chorus 2014'. And who knows, we may contact you during our Dawn Chorus broadcast!
Where will you be on National Dawn Chorus Day?
Mooney Tunes 10
Can you believe it? It's Mooney Tunes time again, and astonishingly, we are approaching our tenth concert!
It all started in September 2009, at the National Concert Hall. The very first Mooney Tunes featured music such as Send In The Clowns, The Anvil Chorus and even the theme from Hawaii Five-O.
Over the last nine concerts, there hasn't been any genre of music we haven't covered. We've done a lot of classical favourites, we've had arias and choruses from some of the greatest operas ever written.
In the last concert, Mooney Tunes 9 in December last year, we did some incredible jazz, like Jack L singing My Way, and the big band orchestra performing Sing Sing Sing by Benny Goodman.
We've had pop, traditional Irish, even country music - Daniel O'Donnell went down a treat at Mooney Tunes 7!
All in all, over the nine concerts so far, we have brought you a total of 152 pieces of music. They were performed by some of the cream of Irish and international talent, accompanied by the RTÉ Concert Orchestra.
Everybody from sopranos Cara O'Sullivan and Claudia Boyle, tenor Paul Potts, baritone John Molloy have performed. We've had Brian Kennedy, Jerry Fish, Chloe Agnew, John Sheehan from the Dubliners. We also did a special Eurovision tribute, with Niamh Kavanagh, Linda Martin, Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan.
Anyway, the good news is, we want to bring you another gem of a show. And, since it's our 10th concert, we've decided to a kind of "best of".
We would like you, our listeners, to tell us your favourite moments from the last nine shows. Now, you don't have to have been to the shows to nominate a favourite moment. All of the concerts have been broadcast on RTÉ Radio One shortly after the live performances.
And to help, here's a list of every single piece of music that we have featured!
LIST OF MUSIC PLAYED AT MOONEY TUNES CONCERTS
01. Begin The Beguine 02. Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye 03. Lizst Rhapsody No. 2 04. Beat Out That Rhythm 05. O Mio Babino Caro 06. Pink Panther Theme 07. Chiqitta 08. Pure Imagination 09. Silent Night 10. Che Gilida Manina 11. Nessun Dorma 12. My Way 13. Under My Skin 14. When A Child Is Born 15. Sing Sing Sing 16. Let It Snow 17. Strauss 18. Also Sprach Zarathustra 19. Bridge Over Troubled Water 20. E il Sol Dell Amina from Rigoletto 21. Donizetti – Una Furtiva Lagrima 22. Superstar 23. Tchaikovsky-Polonaise Onegin 24. Roll Back The Clouds 25. She's Out Of My Life 26. You Don’t Have To Say You Love Me 27. Bond Theme 28. Moonraker / Diamonds Are Forever 29. Minuet & Badiniere from Orchestral Suite No. 2 30. Edelweiss 31. My Heart Will Go On 32. Lonesome Boatman 33. O Holy Night 34. Mediation from Thais 35. That's Amore 36. In Paradisum 37. Gabriel's Oboe 38. The Way We Were 39. Last Christmas 40. Hark The Herald Angels Sing 41. As Long As He Needs Me 42. Soul Bossa Nova 43. Marriage Of Figaro: Duettino Sul Aria 44. One Day Like This 45. Jerusalem 46. Swan Lake: Introduction 47. Send In The Clowns 48. I Left My Heart In San Francisco 49. My Heart Will Go On 50. Les Mis: Bring Him Home 51. Carmen: Intermezzo 52. Ain't No Mountain High Enough 53. South Pacific - Some Enchanted Evening 54. Verdi - La Traviata - Siempre Libre 55. Have I Told You Lately 56. Time To Say Goodbye 57. True Friends 58. Hello Dolly 59. Daydream Believer 60. Requiem - Pie Jesu 61. Someone To Watch Over Me 62. The Sound Of Music: Climb Every Mountain 63. The Producers 64. Nessun Dorma 65. Star Of Bethlehem 66. Nowhere Man 67. Marino Waltz 68. The Christmas Song 69. Hope from 'Irish Destiny' 70. In Your Eyes 71. Why Me? 72. Rock 'n' Roll Kids 73. O Holy Night 74. Dances With Wolves 75. Wind Beneath My Wings 76. Old Man River 77. Fields of Athenry 78. Raindrops Keep Falling On My Head 79. O Mio Babbino Caro 80. Suite from The Quiet Man 81. Over The Rainbow 82. Libertango 83. Adagio from Spartacus 84. The Bridge (An Droichead) 85. Theme from JFK/West Wing 86. Memory from Cats 87. Un Bel Di 88. Ave Maria 89. Elizabethan Serenade 90. Born Free 91. Can't Take My Eyes Off of You (You're Just Too Good To Be True) 92. As Long As He Needs Me 93. Por Una Cabeza 94. Troika 95. When A Child Is Born 96. I'll Be Home For Christmas 97. Baby, It's Cold Outside 98. Trepak from The Nutcracker Suite 99. Once Upon A Time In The West 100. Vilia from The Merry Widow 101. Jingle Bells Forever 102. Va Pensiero (Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves) 103. Song Of Bernadette 104. Harry's Wonderous World 105. Lament 106. You Raise Me Up 107. Silent Night 1915 108. Do Re Me 109. Somewhere Over The Rainbow 110. O Holy Night 111. A Christmas Festival/ Sleigh Ride 112. Theme From Dragnet 113. Fiddler On The Roof 114. Nella Fantasia 115. Flower Duet 116. Champagne Polka 117. One Fine Day (from Madame Butterfly) 118. The Coolin 119. Hymn To Hope 120. Everybody Hurts 121. 80's TV Themes Medley 122. We Have All The Time In The World 123. 633 Squadron 124. Star Trek 125. Le Basque 126. Cavatina 127. We Shall Overcome 128. It's For You 129. When I Fall In Love 130. Hallelujah 131. Cinema Paradiso 132. Impossibly Beautiful 133. Danny Boy 134. You'll Never Walk Alone 135. Riverdance 136. Hawaii Five-O 137. William Tell Overture 138. A Summer Place / Music To Watch Girls By 139. Everybody’s Talking 140. Sunday Miscellany theme 141. Onedin Line / Spartacus 142. Gabriel’s Oboe – The Mission 143. Radetsky March 144. Anvil Chorus 145. Mise Eire 146. Classical Gas 147. If 148. Ravel’s Bolero 149. Barccarolle - O Sole Mio 150. Chariots Of Fire 151. Hallelujah Chorus 152. Cavalleria Rusticana
Mooney Tunes 10 will take place on Friday, June 13th at the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre at 8pm. Tickets will go on sale the program is finalised. We want people to nominate from the list of tunes on the website. And we may even include a couple of surprises. It will be the middle of the summer, so why not think of some of your summer favourites!? E-mail email@example.com, with the subject line 'Mooney Tunes 10'!
Eurovision Green Room Party
Join Mooney in our Eurovision Green Room at the Bord Gáis Energy Theatre on Saturday, May 10th 2014. The party takes place in the Circle Club.
If you want to be there, all you have to do is tell us in not more than forty words why you and a friend or friends LOVE the Eurovision. All entrants/attendees must be over 18. If you are lucky enough to receive a golden invitation to our EUROVISION GREEN ROOM you will get to see all the action as it happens live from Copenhagen.
Tickets will be allocated to couples and groups of four people.
All attendees must make their own way to and from the venue.
There is no cash alternative to this prize.
Closing date for receipt of entries is TODAY, April 25th 2014
Hedgerows: It is an offence to 'cut, grub, burn or otherwise destroy hedgerows on uncultivated land during the nesting season from 1 March to 31 August, subject to certain exceptions'. For more information, click here.
UPDATE: February 29th 2016 - Press Release From BirdWatch Ireland:
Putting the record straight: Dates for burning and hedge-cutting have NOT changed
BirdWatch Ireland, Ireland’s largest conservation charity, is very concerned about misinformation that is currently circulating regarding the dates within which the burning of vegetation and cutting of hedges is permitted. It would like to remind landowners that all burning and cutting must cease on 29th February this year and that burning and cutting remains prohibited from 1st March to 31st August.
Despite attempts by the Minister for Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, Heather Humphreys T.D., to change the laws regulating these dates by introducing the Heritage Bill 2016 earlier this year, it is important to note that the proposed date changes were ultimately NOT made. This is because the bill failed to pass through both houses of the Oireachtas before the recent dissolution of the Dáil in advance of the general election.
The laws in place governing the dates for hedge-cutting and upland burning therefore remain unchanged. The period within which cutting and burning is prohibited are set down in Section 40 of the Wildlife Act 1976 (as amended in 2000), which states that:
(a) It shall be an offence for a person to cut, grub, burn or otherwise destroy, during the period beginning on the 1st day of March and ending on the 31st day of August in any year, any vegetation growing on any land not then cultivated.
(b) It shall be an offence for a person to cut, grub, burn or otherwise destroy any vegetation growing in any hedge or ditch during the period mentioned in paragraph (a) of this subsection (above).
The existing law provides exemptions for road safety and other circumstances and should be read carefully to ensure compliance.
Section 40 of the Wildlife Act exists to protect nesting birds. Many of our upland bird species are in decline and are in danger of extinction in Ireland; amongst them is the Curlew, which has declined by 80%. Many birds which nest in hedgerows into August are also in serious decline, including the endangered Yellowhammer. The changes to the cutting and burning dates which had been proposed in the now-defunct Heritage Bill 2016 would have caused serious impacts to these birds. A petition launched by BirdWatch Ireland in conjunction with several other national conservation organisations to stop these changes attracted more than 16,200 signatures and rising.
BirdWatch Ireland would also like to advise members of the public that if they see hedges being cut or fires in the uplands on or after 1st March, such activity could be illegal. In such cases, we would encourage people to contact the National Parks and Wildlife Service (www.npws.ie) to report such activity.
BirdWatch Ireland warmly welcomes the demise of the Heritage Bill 2016 and sincerely hopes that any future administration will consider the importance of Ireland’s natural heritage and will not attempt to reintroduce such a flawed and damaging piece of legislation.
To contact your local wildlife ranger, click here for contact details. To read the Wildlife (Amendment) Act 2000, click here.
Please DO NOT send any live, dead or skeletal remains of any creature whatsoever to Mooney Goes Wild.
If you find an injured animal or bird, please contact the National Parks & Wildlife Service on 1890 20 20 21, or BirdWatch Ireland, on 01 281-9878, or visit www.irishwildlifematters.ie