Citizens: Lockout 1913-2013

    Sat 6pm

    Citizens Lockout 1913 to 2013 Saturday 7 September 2013

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    Episode 5 - Consequences. 1914-1916

    “There is not I think, it’s fair to say, a direct link between the Lockout of 1913 and the Rising of 1916, that would be a misreading of history.” says historian Diarmaid Ferriter.

    By mid 1914 Larkin is in the United States and with the outbreak of war Home Rule is parked. The bitter poverty of Dublin deepens and thousand of unemployed Irishmen enlist in the British Army, much to the horror of the Irish Citizen Army leader James Connolly.

    Many see 1913 as a precursor to 1916 but for Ferriter that is a rear mirror view of events. “Sometimes I think that we look back at the Lockout and its legacy and we read history backwards. We think of it as this iconic event and something that was not successful for the workers at the time, but ultimately can be considered a success because of the extent to which it developed a conscience and a consciousness of the status of Labour” Diarmaid Ferriter

    In Episode 5 we explore the impact of defeat on not just the trade union movement but also on our key characters. Is it the defeat of Lockout or the outbreak of World War One which defines 1916? We hear the voices of Connolly and Larkin read by Ronnie McCann and Stephen Murray as well as the views of historians and commentators including Padraig Yeates, Diarmaid Ferriter and Ruth Dudley Edwards.

    A six part documentary series narrating the events that led to the landmark labour versus capital conflict in Dublin in 1913, exploring the leaders on both sides and questioning the legacy of Lockout 1913 for Ireland today.

    Starts August 10th at 6pm on RTÉ Radio 1.

    Citizens: Lockout 1913-2013 brings to life a city where 100,000 people lived in one bedroom tenements and a conflict dominated by big personalities like union leader Jim Larkin and industrialist William Martin Murphy. But while Larkin's statute dominates O'Connell Street today the lockout was a crushing defeat for the city's workers and in 1914 it was Murphy not Larkin who was honoured.

    Historian Diarmaid Ferriter, Professor of Modern Irish History at UCD, says with the Lockout 'we tend to read history backwards' and see 1913 through the prism of 1916. This series starts at 1900 with the visit of Queen Victoria to Dublin and the emerging labour, nationalist and suffrage movements. Its key characters are not just Larkin and Martin Murphy, but socialist James Connolly and women activists in the Women’s Workers Union including Larkin's sister Delia and Constance Markievicz.  'This was one where it was workers on one side and employers on the other' says Lockout historian Padraig Yeates. 'If Larkin's achievement was to unite workers for better conditions, Murphy's achievement was to unite employers, both catholic and protestant. It was a battle of personalities'.

    The series features leading historians on the period including Mary Daly, James Curry, Emmet O'Connor, Felix Larkin, Leeann Lane, Lauren Arrington as well as Diarmaid Ferriter and Padraig Yeates and includes contributions from the descendants of Connolly, Larkin, Martin Murphy and Markievicz as well as dramatic readings by actors Barry McGovern, Donna Dent, Stephen Murray and playwright Peter Sheridan. Contemporary leaders also share their views about the legacy of the Lockout including Minister for Education Ruairi Quinn, IBEC leader Danny McCoy, Irish Congress of Trade Unions leader David Begg, Former Fine Gael cabinet Minister Gemma Hussey, SIPTU Vice-President Patricia King and Senator Ivana Bacik.  Author Thomas Morrissey 

    With many thanks to RTÉ Libraries and Archives

    Citizens: Lockout 1913-2013 is an Athena Media production for RTÉ Radio 1 made with the support of the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland.

    Producer/presenter: Helen Shaw

    Audio editor: Amy Millar

    Original music: Michael Gallen

    Citizens: Lockout 1913-2013

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