A report by Social Justice Ireland says the number of people in Ireland aged over 85 will double in just over a decade, meaning greater demand for healthcare facilities and services.
The organisation is urging the Government to develop longer-term strategies to deal with long-term unemployment and the impact of people living much longer.
The report also says that poverty rates in rural Ireland are almost 5% higher than in urban areas.
The report – 'National Social Monitor' - looks at a range of policy areas that affect people's well-being.
It also says that the number of long-term unemployed has increased by almost five-fold since the economic crash to nearly 150,000 people.
The organisation argues against reliance on market forces, saying that giving priority to the common good will produce a fairer society.