Decision on parole for 'Prime Evil' apartheid death squad leader de Kock delayed

Thursday 10 July 2014 14.26
Eugene de Kock led an apartheid counter-insurgency unit at Vlakplaas, 20km west of Pretoria
Eugene de Kock led an apartheid counter-insurgency unit at Vlakplaas, 20km west of Pretoria

South African justice minister Michael Masutha has delayed a decision on parole for 'Prime Evil' apartheid-era death-squad leader Eugene de Kock.

Mr Masutha said families of his victims had not been properly consulted about the possible release.

However, Mr Masutha told a news conference that de Kock, who was sentenced to 212 years in jail in 1996, had "made progress" towards rehabilitation during his two decades behind bars.

He committed to making a final decision within a year.

De Kock was dubbed 'Prime Evil' for his role in the torture and murder of black South African activists in the 1980s and early 1990s.

As head of an apartheid counter-insurgency unit at Vlakplaas, a farm 20km west of Pretoria, de Kock is believed to have been responsible for more atrocities than any other man in the efforts to preserve white rule.

Arrested in 1994, the year Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) came to power, he was sentenced two years later to 212 years in prison on charges ranging from murder and attempted murder to kidnapping and fraud.

However, at a Truth and Reconciliation Commission set up in 1995 to try to unearth - and, in some cases, forgive – crimes committed by both sides, de Kock came clean about the killing of many ANC activists.

The information allowed police to recover the remains of victims and allowed them to receive a proper burial.

Even from behind bars in Pretoria's C-Max high security prison, de Kock has continued to cast his shadow over the post-apartheid South Africa.

In a 2007 radio interview, he accused FW de Klerk, South Africa's last white president, of having hands "soaked in blood" for ordering political killings.

Mr de Klerk, who won the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with Mr Mandela, has denied the allegations.

De Kock has also expressed sorrow at his actions, fuelling a belief among some that he is remorseful - an important factor in any parole decision.

Two years ago, he wrote to the mother of ANC lawyer Bheki Mlangeni, who was killed by a bomb in 1991, asking for her forgiveness.

"Your forgiveness will mean a lot to me, but it can in no way wash away the pain I have caused," he said in the letter, which appeared in South African newspapers.

In the same year, he met Marcia Khoza, the daughter of ANC activist Portia Shabangu, whom de Kock executed after an ambush in Swaziland in 1989.

"We greeted each other and shook hands. His handshake was firm," she said after the meeting, at which de Kock described how he shot Ms Khoza's mother twice in the head before pushing the vehicle in which she was travelling down a slope.

"I thought I would cry but strangely enough had the courage to continue to listen to him. I was not jolted because I had long forgiven him and have since learnt that resentment and bitterness will blur my vision on life," she said.

However, many other callers to radio stations – in particular black South Africans - have questioned de Kock's remorse and said that his crimes were so extreme he should die behind bars.

Keywords: south africa