Bangladesh's war crimes tribunal has sentenced a senior opposition leader to death over abuses during the country's bloody struggle for independence.
Salauddin Quader Chowdhury, a politician from the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), was found guilty of torture, rape and genocide during the war for independence from Pakistan in 1971.
The defence said it would appeal the sentence.
The process has been denounced by opposition parties, who say it is politically motivated ahead of polls due by January.
More than 100 people have been killed in protests against the war crimes verdicts since the start of this year.
The New York-based Human Rights Watch group has also said the tribunal's procedures fall short of international standards.
The 64-year-old was charged with killing about 200 civilians and collaborating with Pakistan's army to kill and torture unarmed people, as well as other crimes.
Bangladesh deployed security forces in the capital Dhaka and in Chowdhury's home city ahead of the verdict.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina set up the tribunal in 2010 to investigate abuses during the independence war.
Bangladesh estimates more than three million people were killed during the independence war, with thousands of women raped.
Other researchers put the figure far lower, at between 300,000 and 500,000.