Trees, Shrubs and Roses
It is a perfect time to plant roses, both bush roses and climbers of all kindsPlanting of deciduous trees and shrubs and bare-root plants is now underway and trees planted a this time of year setle in well before spring.It is also a good time to move deciduous trees or shrubs that need more room, or are simply in the wrong place, rather than have to cut them back. Put off planting evergreens, except those in pots, until spring. There is nothing to gain from having evergreens buffeted by the wind over the next three months.
It is never too late to plant up spring bedding in the open ground or in containers for a touch of winter and spring colour. Tulips can be planted later than daffodils or other bulbs, but any bulbs not planted should be put in the ground, even though it is late, as they will not survive a full year out of the soil.Perennial flowers can be planted now, unless the ground is sodden, and division of existing plants can also be carried out.
The last of the fallen leaves should be removed if not already done by running the lawn mower over the grass.If the ground is soggy, it would be best to just rake off the leaves. Grass growth can be active in winter warm spells and mowing should continue as long as possible. Lawn mosskiller, such as sulphate of iron, should be applied if there is a lot of moss.
Fruit, Vegetables and Herbs
Herbs such as mint, tarragon and horse radish can be lifted and divided at this time, using the most vigorous bits for re-planting.Fruit trees and bushes can be planted now, using freshly lifted stock that takes root much better. Continue to tidy the vegetable garden and make sure to knock back weeds, not letting them to grow on over winter.
Greenhouse and House PlantsAt this time of year, hard frost is imminent in most parts of the country, if it has not already arrived, and it is time now to set up a greenhouse frost protection heater to protect tender plants, such as geraniums or fuchsias. Water very little to reduce the risk of grey mould disease. Remove all debris and dead plants and ventilate occasionally.A grapevine can be planted in a greenhouse ... don't worry about planting inside or out as it will have rooted out in the outdoors within a couple of years.