Finland set to become an independent state
Petrograd, 8 October 1917 - Finland is set to become an independent state, according to reports from Petrograd in Russia.
Having previously been a duchy within the Russian Empire, the status of Finland has been unclear in the aftermath of Russia’s revolution earlier this year which resulted in the downfall of the Tsarist regime.
It is understood that two bills will be simultaneously submitted to the Diet in Finland and to the Russian Constituent Assembly.
The first will provide for legislative power to be vested in the Diet and the President. The second, concerning the Russo-Finnish relationship, provides for the continuance of the union of Russia and Finland with the provision that Finland is to have its own independent legislative and executive authorities.
Key to the exercise of these executive powers will be the President who will be elected for six years by universal suffrage and who will serve as Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish armed forces in times of peace and have responsibility for the appointment of ministers.
It is envisaged that compulsory military service will be introduced throughout the country.
[Editor's note: This is an article from Century Ireland, a fortnightly online newspaper, written from the perspective of a journalist 100 years ago, based on news reports of the time.]