Brendan Behan (1923-64) was an author and journalist. Born in Dublin, he joined the IRA at 16 and served time in a Borstal institution in England and in prison in Ireland.
Behan was released from prison as part of a general amnesty in 1946. He wrote two radio plays for Radio Éireann: 'Moving Out' and 'A Garden Party' (1952). His first stage play, 'The Quare Fellow', was produced in Dublin in 1954. It was later adapted for radio by Philip Rooney.
In 1958, Behan's Irish-language play 'An Giall' was performed at the Damer Theatre in Dublin. its English version 'The Hostage' became very successful following Joan Littlewood's London production. Behan’s famous autobiographical novel 'Borstal Boy', was published the same year.